Connect with us

Markets

Visualizing the State of Global Debt, by Country

Published

on

View the expanded version of this infographic to see all countries.

Global Debt

View the expanded version of this infographic to see all countries.

Can I share this graphic?
Yes. Visualizations are free to share and post in their original form across the web—even for publishers. Please link back to this page and attribute Visual Capitalist.
When do I need a license?
Licenses are required for some commercial uses, translations, or layout modifications. You can even whitelabel our visualizations. Explore your options.
Interested in this piece?
Click here to license this visualization.

Visualizing the State of Global Debt, by Country

Since COVID-19 started its spread around the world in 2020, the global economy has been put to the test with supply chain disruptions, price volatility for commodities, challenges in the job market, and declining income from tourism. The World Bank has estimated that almost 97 million people have been pushed into extreme poverty as a result of the pandemic.

In order to help with this difficult situation, global governments have had to increase their expenditures to deal with higher healthcare costs, unemployment, food insecurity, and to help businesses to survive. Countries have taken on new debt to provide financial support for these measures, which has resulted in the highest global debt levels in half a century.

To analyze the extent of global debt, we’ve compiled debt-to-GDP data by country from the most recent World Economic Outlook report by the IMF.

Global Debt by Country: The Top 10 Most Indebted Nations

The debt-to-GDP ratio is a simple metric that compares a country’s public debt to its economic output. By comparing how much a country owes and how much it produces in a year, economists can measure a country’s theoretical ability to pay off its debt.

Let’s take a look at the top 10 countries in terms of debt-to-GDP:

RankCountryDebt-to-GDP (2021)
#1Japan 🇯🇵257%
#2Sudan 🇸🇩210%
#3Greece 🇬🇷207%
#4Eritrea 🇪🇷175%
#5Cape Verde 🇨🇻161%
#6Italy 🇮🇹155%
#7Suriname 🇸🇷141%
#8Barbados 🇧🇧138%
#9Singapore 🇸🇬138%
#10Maldives 🇲🇻137%

Source: World Economic Outlook Report (October 2021 Edition)

Japan, Sudan, and Greece top the list with debt-to-GDP ratios well above 200%, followed by Eritrea (175%), Cape Verde (160%), and Italy (154%).

Japan’s debt level won’t come as a surprise to most. In 2010, it became the first country to reach a debt-to-GDP ratio 200%, and it now sits at 257%. In order to finance new debt, the Japanese government issues bonds which get bought up primarily by the Bank of Japan.

By the end of 2020, the Bank of Japan owned 45% of government debt outstanding.

What is the main risk of a high debt-to-GDP ratio?

A rapid increase in government debt is a major cause for concern. Generally, the higher a country’s debt-to-GDP ratio is, the higher chance that country could default on its debt, therefore creating a financial panic in the markets.

The World Bank published a study showing that countries that maintained a debt-to-GDP ratio of over 77% for prolonged periods of time experienced economic slowdowns.

COVID-19 has worsened a debt crisis that has been brewing since the 2008 global recession. A report from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) shows that at least 100 countries will have to reduce expenditures on health, education, and social protection. Also, 30 countries in the developing world have high levels of debt distress, meaning they’re experiencing great difficulties in servicing their debt.

This crisis is hitting poor and middle-income countries harder than rich countries. Wealthier countries are borrowing to launch fiscal stimulus packages while low and middle income countries cannot afford such measures, potentially resulting in wider global inequality.

The IMF Warns of Interest Rates

Global debt reached $226 trillion by the end of 2020, seeing the biggest one-year increase since World War II.

Borrowing by governments accounted for slightly over half of the $28 trillion increase, bringing global public debt ratio to a record of 99% of GDP. As interest rates rise, IMF officials warn that higher interest rates will diminish the impact of fiscal spending, and cause debt sustainability concerns to intensify. “The risks will be magnified if global interest rates rise faster than expected and growth falters,” the officials wrote.

“A significant tightening of financial conditions would heighten the pressure on the most highly indebted governments, households, and firms. If the public and private sectors are forced to deleverage simultaneously, growth prospects will suffer.”

Editor’s note: All data used in our visualization was extracted from the World Economic Outlook Report (October 2021 Edition) and The World Bank. We will update this data when the new report is available in April 2022.

Click for Comments

Markets

Ranked: Which NBA Team Takes Home the Most Revenue?

The Celtics and the Mavericks are the fourth and fifth highest-earning teams in the NBA. We show the top teams in the NBA by revenue in 2023.

Published

on

This circle graphic shows the top teams in the NBA by revenue during the 2022-2023 season.

Which NBA Team Takes Home the Most Revenues?

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The NBA is projected to earn $13 billion in revenue this year before revenue sharing and debt payments, a 11% jump from last season, driving NBA team valuations even higher.

Since 2005, NBA team valuations have increased faster than any other major U.S. league by a wide margin. For perspective, the rise in their combined valuation has exceeded growth in the S&P 500 by more than threefold during this time period.

This graphic shows the top NBA teams by revenue, based on data from JP Morgan Asset Management.

Ranked: The Highest-Earning NBA Teams

Below, we show the revenue of all 30 NBA teams as of the 2022-2023 season:

RankingTeam2022-2023 Season
Revenue
Valuation
1Golden State Warriors$765M$7.7B
2Los Angeles Lakers$516M$6.4B
3New York Knicks$504M$6.6B
4Boston Celtics$443M$4.7B
5Dallas Mavericks$429M$4.5B
6Los Angeles Clippers$425M$4.7B
7Houston Rockets$381M$4.4B
8Chicago Bulls$372M$4.6B
9Philadelphia 76ers$371M$4.3B
10Miami Heat$371M$3.9B
11Brooklyn Nets$367M$3.9B
12Phoenix Suns$366M$4.0B
13Denver Nuggets$348M$3.4B
14Cleveland Cavaliers$348M$3.4B
15Milwaukee Bucks$329M$3.2B
16Atlanta Hawks$326M$3.3B
17Washington Wizards$323M$3.5B
18San Antonio Spurs$319M$3.3B
19Toronto Raptors$305M$4.1B
20Portland Trail Blazers$300M$3.1B
21Sacramento Kings$289M$3.3B
22Utah Jazz$274M$3.1B
23Detroit Pistons$274M$3.1B
24Charlotte Hornets$269M$3.0B
25Oklahoma City Thunder$267M$3.1B
26Indiana Pacers$263M$2.9B
27New Orleans Pelicans$262M$2.6B
28Orlando Magic$261M$3.0B
29Minnesota Timberwolves$259M$2.5B
30Memphis Grizzlies$258M$2.4B

Revenue figures are net of arena debt service and revenue sharing

With $765 million in revenue, the Golden State Warriors are the highest-earning team in the league, thanks to the stellar performances of all-star players Klay Thompson, Stephen Curry, and Draymond Green.

These players were instrumental in driving the valuation of the franchise, which grew from $1.5 billion in 2015 to a remarkable $7.7 billion in 2023. At this valuation, the Golden State Warriors are the second-most valuable sports team in America, following after the $9 billion Dallas Cowboys NFL franchise. Since 2010, the Warriors’ revenue has increased by sevenfold.

Not only did the team have the highest NBA TV ratings in seven of the last eight years as of last season, the Warriors have the largest social media following across U.S. sport franchises, including 32.4 million Instagram followers. By comparison, the Lakers have 24.6 million followers. Adding to this, the team’s jersey patch deal with Rakuten is worth approximately $45 million per season alone.

Ranking in second are the Los Angeles Lakers, earning $516 million in revenue. Over the last decade, revenues have increased by 76% fueled by the star power of LeBron James and the team’s world-renowned brand. In 2021, the team signed a five-year $100 million jersey patch deal with Korean food brand, Bibigo, making it one of the most valuable in the league.

The New York Knicks are third in revenue with $504 million, followed by the 2023-24 season champions, the Boston Celtics with $443 million in the 2022-23 season and the Dallas Mavericks in fifth at $429 million.

How Do NBA Teams Earn Revenue?

Below, we show the primary sources of revenue for the National Basketball Association (NBA):

Revenue Stream2022-2023 Season
Revenue
Share of Revenues
National Revenue
(Media/broadcast deals, merchandise, shared ticket revenue, other sponsorships)
$4.5B41%
Seating/Suites$2.9B26%
Local Media$1.4B13%
Team Sponsorships$1.3B12%
Concessions/Parking/Other$0.9B8%

As we can see, national revenue makes up the league’s largest share, driven by broadcasting and streaming agreements with national providers.

Going forward, these contract values are set to grow substantially. Today, the league is negotiating broadcasting deals with Amazon, ESPN, and NBC worth an estimated $76 billion over 11 years—making the annual contract value 2.6 times higher than its current contract. With NBA viewership up 16% across ESPN and ABC compared to the 2021-2022 season, strong demand is driving bigger media deals. During the 2022-2023 season, average viewership reached 1.7 million per game across these outlets.

Ticket and suite sales, another key source of revenue, topped $2.9 billion over the 2022-2023 season. In some cases, courtside tickets cost upwards of $3,000 per seat, with a host of celebrities from Jack Nicholson to Kendall Jenner and Bad Bunny sitting close to the action.

Following next in line were local media deals, worth $1.4 billion, and team sponsorship deals, valued at $1.3 billion.

Continue Reading
Voronoi, the app by Visual Capitalist. Where data tells the story. Download on App Store or Google Play

Subscribe

Popular