Every Visible Star in the Night Sky, in One Map
View the high resolution version of this incredible map by clicking here.
The stars have fascinated humanity since the beginning of civilization, from using them to track the different seasons, to relying on them to navigate thousands of miles on the open ocean.
Today, travelers trek to the ends of the Earth to catch a glimpse of the Milky Way, untouched by light pollution. However, if you’re in the city and the heavens align on a clear night, you might still be able to spot somewhere between 2,500 to 5,000 stars scattered across your field of vision.
This stunning star map was created by Eleanor Lutz, under the Reddit pseudonym /hellofromthemoon, and is a throwback to all the stars and celestial bodies that could be seen by the naked eye on Near Year’s Day in 2000.
Star Light, Star Bright
Stars have served as a basis for navigation for thousands of years. Polaris, also dubbed the North Star in the Ursa Minor constellation, is arguably one of the most influential, even though it sits 434 light years away.
Because of its relative location to the Earth’s axis, Polaris is reliably found in the same spot throughout the year—on this star map, it can be spotted in the top right corner. The Polynesian people famously followed the path of the North Star, along with wave currents, in all their way-finding journeys.
Interestingly, Polaris’ dependability is why it is commonly mistaken as the brightest star, but Sirius actually takes that crown—find it below the Gemini constellation, at the 7HR latitude and -20° longitude coordinates on the visualization. Located in the Canis Majoris constellation, Sirius burns bluish-white, and is one of the hottest objects in the universe with a surface temperature of 17,400°F (9,667°C). Sirius is nearly 40 times brighter than our Sun.
The Egyptians associated Sirius with the goddess Isis, and used its location to predict the annual flooding of the Nile. This also isn’t the only way humans have used visible stars to “predict” the future, as evidenced by the ancient practice of astrology.
Seeking Answers in the Stars
In the star map above, the orange lines denote the twelve signs of the Zodiac, each found roughly along the same band from 10° to -30° longitude. These Zodiac alignments, along with planetary movements, form the basis of astrology, which has been practiced across cultures to predict significant events. While the scientific method has widely demonstrated that astrology doesn’t hold much validity, many people still believe in it today.
The red lines on the visualization signify the constellations officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in 1922. Its ancient Greek origins are recorded on the same map as the blue lines, from which the modern constellation boundaries are based. Here’s a deeper dive into all 88 IAU constellations:
|Constellation||English Name||Category||Brightest star|
|Andromeda||Chained Maiden/ Princess||Creature/ Character||Alpheratz|
|Antlia||Air Pump||Object||α Antliae|
|Apus||Bird of Paradise||Animal||α Apodis|
|♒ Aquarius||Water Bearer||Creature/ Character||Sadalsuud|
|Caelum||Engraving Tool||Object||α Caeli|
|Canes Venatici||Hunting Dogs||Animal||Cor Caroli|
|Canis Major||Great Dog||Animal||Sirius|
|Canis Minor||Lesser Dog||Animal||Procyon|
|♑ Capricornus||Sea Goat||Creature/ Character||Deneb Algedi|
|Cassiopeia||Seated Queen||Creature/ Character||Schedar|
|Centaurus||Centaur||Creature/ Character||Rigil Kentaurus|
|Cetus||Sea Monster||Creature/ Character||Diphda|
|Coma Berenices||Bernice's Hair||Creature/ Character||β Comae Berenices|
|Corona Australis||Southern Crown||Object||Meridiana|
|Corona Borealis||Northern Crown||Object||Alphecca|
|♊ Gemini||Twins||Creature/ Character||Pollux|
|Horologium||Pendulum Clock||Object||α Horologii|
|Hydra||Female Water Snake||Creature/ Character||Alphard|
|Hydrus||Male Water Snake||Creature/ Character||β Hydri|
|Indus||Indian||Creature/ Character||α Indi|
|Leo Minor||Lesser Lion||Animal||Regulus|
|Mensa||Table Mountain||Object||α Mensae|
|Monoceros||Unicorn||Creature/ Character||β Monocerotis|
|Norma||Carpenter's Square||Object||γ2 Normae|
|Ophiuchus||Serpent Bearer||Creature/ Character||Rasalhague|
|Pegasus||Winged Horse||Creature/ Character||Enif|
|Pictor||Painter's Easel||Object||α Pictoris|
|Piscis Austrinus||Southern Fish||Creature/ Character||Fomalhaut|
|Pyxis||Mariner's Compass||Object||α Pyxidis|
|Reticulum||Reticle (Eyepiece)||Object||α Reticuli|
|♐ Sagittarius||Archer||Creature/ Character||Kaus Australis|
|Sculptor||Sculptor||Creature/ Character||α Sculptoris|
|Triangulum Australe||Southern Triangle||Object||β Trianguli|
|Ursa Major||Great Bear||Animal||Alioth|
|Ursa Minor||Little Bear||Animal||Polaris|
|♍ Virgo||Maiden||Creature/ Character||Spica|
|Volans||Flying Fish||Animal||β Volantis|
(Source: International Astronomical Union)
Into the Depths of Deep Space
The quirk of naming stars after flora and fauna doesn’t end there. Our night sky also reveals visible galaxies, nebulae, and clusters far, far away—but they’re named after familiar birds, natural objects, and mythical creatures. See if you can find some of these interesting names:
- Open Cluster: Wild Duck Cluster
- Open Cluster: Eagle Nebula
- Open Cluster: Beehive Cluster
- Open Cluster: Butterfly Cluster
- Emission Nebula: North American
- Emission Nebula: Trifid Nebula
- Emission Nebula: Lagoon Nebula
- Emission Nebula: Orion Nebula
- Open Cluster with Emission Nebula: Swan Nebula
- Open Cluster with Emission Nebula: Christmas Tree Cluster
- Open Cluster with Emission Nebula: Rosette Nebula
- Globular Cluster: Hercules Cluster
There’s an interesting concentration of unnamed open and globular clusters just above the Sagittarius constellation, between 18-20HR latitude and -20° to -30° longitude. Another one can be seen next to Cassiopeia, just below Polaris between 1HR-3HR latitude, at 60° longitude. The only two visible spiral galaxies, Andromeda and Pinwheel, are located close between 0-2HR latitude and 30°-40° longitude.
The Relentless Passage of Time
We now know that the night sky isn’t as static as people used to believe. Although it’s Earth’s major pole star today, Polaris was in fact off-kilter by roughly 8° a few thousand years ago. Our ancestors saw the twin northern pole stars, Kochab and Pherkad, where Polaris is now.
This difference is due to the Earth’s natural axial tilt. Eight degrees may not seem like much, but because of this angle, the constellations we gaze at today are the same, yet completely different from the ones our ancestors looked up at.
If you liked exploring this star map, be sure to check out the geology of Mars from the same designer.
Ranked: Electric Vehicle Sales by Model in 2023
Today, electric vehicle sales make up 18% of global vehicle sales. Here are the leading models by sales as of August 2023.
Ranked: Electric Vehicle Sales by Model in 2023
Electric vehicle (EV) sales are gaining momentum, reaching 18% of global vehicle sales in 2023.
As new competitors bring more affordable options and new performance features, the market continues to mature as customers increasingly look to electric options.
This graphic ranks the top-selling EVs worldwide as of August 2023, based on data from CleanTechnica.
The Best Selling EVs in 2023 (Through August)
Below, we show the world’s best selling fully electric vehicles from January to August 2023:
|Tesla Model Y||🇺🇸 U.S.||772,364|
|Tesla Model 3||🇺🇸 U.S.||364,403|
|BYD Atto 3 / Yuan Plus||🇨🇳 China||265,688|
|BYD Dolphin||🇨🇳 China||222,825|
|GAC Aion S||🇨🇳 China||160,693|
|Wuling HongGuang Mini EV||🇨🇳 China||153,399|
|GAC Aion Y||🇨🇳 China||136,619|
|VW ID.4||🇩🇪 Germany||120,154|
|BYD Seagull||🇨🇳 China||95,202|
As we can see, Tesla‘s Model Y still holds a comfortable lead over the competition with 772,364 units sold. That’s more than double the sales of the #2 top selling vehicle, Tesla’s Model 3 (364,403)
But it’s hard to ignore the rising prevalence of Chinese EVs. The next five best selling EV vehicles are Chinese, including three from BYD. The automaker’s Atto 3 (or Yuan Plus, depending on market), is being sold in various countries including Germany, the UK, Japan, and India.
Meanwhile, Chinese automaker GAC Group also had two models of its Aion EV brand make the rankings, with the Aion S selling 160,693 units so far.
Regional market strength is also clear. For Volkswagen’s ID.4 model (120,154 units sold), Europe and China account for the majority of sales.
Given growing cost efficiencies and changing consumer behavior, global EV sales are projected to make up half of new car sales globally by 2035, according to forecasts from Goldman Sachs.
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