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Visualizing the State of Refugees by Country

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

Visualizing refugees by country of origin and asylum in 2023

Visualizing the State of Refugees by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

30,510,629—That’s the number of refugees the world had in 2023 according to documented refugees by the UNHCR. These are the people who left their homeland to find a safe refuge in a foreign country.

In fact, according to the the UN’s refugee agency, there were a total of 110 million people forcibly displaced worldwide. Of those, a vast majority (almost 60%) were internally displaced, while the rest were the 30.5 million refugees charted above by Preyash Shah.

52% of Asylum Seekers Came from Three Countries in 2023

More than half of the refugees under UNHCR’s mandate originate from only three countries: Syria, Afghanistan, and Ukraine. Here is the breakdown by country of origin, including not fully recognized countries and refugees of unknown origin.

Country of OriginRefugees
🇸🇾 Syria6,494,141
🇦🇫 Afghanistan6,110,219
🇺🇦 Ukraine5,865,447
🇸🇸 South Sudan2,227,684
🇲🇲 Myanmar1,266,022
🇸🇩 Sudan1,027,070
🇨🇩 Dem. Rep. of the Congo948,417
🇸🇴 Somalia814,561
🇨🇫 Central African Rep.750,875
🇪🇷 Eritrea537,161
🇳🇬 Nigeria381,149
🇮🇶 Iraq330,667
🇧🇮 Burundi323,487
🇻🇪 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)300,759
🇷🇼 Rwanda249,543
🇲🇱 Mali233,188
🇨🇳 China161,574
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka147,624
🇮🇷 Iran (Islamic Rep. of)147,238
🇪🇹 Ethiopia145,039
🇨🇲 Cameroon133,945
🇭🇹 Haiti116,463
🇹🇷 Türkiye115,708
🇵🇰 Pakistan115,662
🏳️ Unknown114,949
🇨🇴 Colombia111,394
🇵🇸 Palestine106,426
🇪🇭 Western Sahara91,016
🇷🇺 Russian Federation85,382
🇭🇳 Honduras72,341
🇸🇻 El Salvador62,248
🏳️ Stateless56,281
🇾🇪 Yemen43,526
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan43,305
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso43,124
🇬🇳 Guinea38,089
🇲🇷 Mauritania37,216
🇬🇹 Guatemala32,220
🇷🇸 Serbia and Kosovo30,333
🇧🇩 Bangladesh25,311
🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire25,264
🇪🇬 Egypt24,652
🇳🇪 Niger23,280
🇮🇳 India23,243
🇦🇱 Albania21,750
🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina19,326
🇲🇽 Mexico18,944
🇱🇾 Libya18,559
🇳🇮 Nicaragua18,545
🇻🇳 Viet Nam18,045
🇭🇷 Croatia17,587
🇨🇺 Cuba15,981
🇦🇲 Armenia15,553
🇬🇭 Ghana14,733
🇬🇪 Georgia14,426
🇧🇾 Belarus13,564
🇸🇳 Senegal13,462
🇨🇬 Congo13,224
🏳️ Tibet12,555
🇦🇴 Angola12,456
🇮🇩 Indonesia11,820
🇰🇭 Cambodia11,670
🇬🇲 Gambia10,964
🇲🇦 Morocco10,451
🇹🇩 Chad9,448
🇹🇬 Togo7,963
🇩🇿 Algeria7,788
🇺🇬 Uganda7,719
🇰🇪 Kenya7,594
🇱🇧 Lebanon7,467
🇳🇵 Nepal7,314
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe7,268
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone6,990
🇧🇹 Bhutan6,682
🇱🇦 Lao People's Dem. Rep.6,641
🇲🇩 Moldova5,611
🇱🇷 Liberia4,914
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan4,551
🇵🇪 Peru4,481
🇯🇴 Jordan3,889
🇪🇨 Ecuador3,774
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan3,748
🇹🇯 Tajikistan3,679
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan3,334
🇧🇷 Brazil3,248
🇹🇳 Tunisia2,930
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan2,874
🇲🇳 Mongolia2,420
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau2,106
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia2,100
🇰🇲 Comoros2,074
🇰🇼 Kuwait2,030
🇯🇲 Jamaica1,993
🇭🇺 Hungary1,987
🇲🇰 North Macedonia1,862
🇩🇯 Djibouti1,787
🇷🇴 Romania1,764
🇨🇱 Chile1,619
🇲🇾 Malaysia1,380
🇺🇸 United States1,287
🇵🇱 Poland953
🇧🇸 Bahamas945
🇧🇯 Benin862
🇹🇿 United Rep. of Tanzania852
🇬🇦 Gabon825
🇮🇱 Israel813
🇿🇦 South Africa811
🇩🇴 Dominican Rep.804
🇲🇪 Montenegro613
🇸🇰 Slovakia612
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea610
🇨🇿 Czechia608
🇵🇭 Philippines603
🇧🇴 Bolivia564
🇲🇬 Madagascar535
🇲🇼 Malawi506
🇧🇬 Bulgaria395
🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea383
🇧🇭 Bahrain336
🇳🇦 Namibia335
🇫🇯 Fiji332
🇿🇲 Zambia303
🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago301
🇧🇧 Barbados280
🇦🇷 Argentina268
🇬🇾 Guyana248
🇰🇵 Dem. People's Rep. of Korea239
🇨🇷 Costa Rica227
🇬🇧 United Kingdom227
🇹🇭 Thailand218
🇲🇺 Mauritius214
🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR210
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates209
🇨🇦 Canada201
🇵🇦 Panama190
🇵🇾 Paraguay156
🇩🇪 Germany148
🇱🇻 Latvia143
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines133
🇮🇹 Italy132
🇸🇿 Eswatini122
🇰🇷 Rep. of Korea120
🇬🇷 Greece119
🇲🇿 Mozambique111
🇧🇼 Botswana102
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia98
🇺🇾 Uruguay91
🇲🇻 Maldives90
🇴🇲 Oman78
🇧🇿 Belize65
🇩🇲 Dominica63
🇪🇪 Estonia62
🇪🇸 Spain62
🇱🇹 Lithuania57
🇳🇱 Netherlands57
🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda55
🇫🇷 France55
🇬🇩 Grenada54
🇯🇵 Japan51
🇶🇦 Qatar49
🇳🇿 New Zealand48
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands46
🇵🇹 Portugal43
🇸🇷 Suriname41
🇹🇴 Tonga40
🇸🇬 Singapore37
🇦🇺 Australia29
🇦🇹 Austria28
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis22
🇨🇼 Curacao21
🇸🇪 Sweden19
🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands19
🇬🇵 Guadeloupe17
🇧🇪 Belgium12
🇱🇸 Lesotho12
🇬🇫 French Guiana11
🇸🇹 Sao Tome and Principe11
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde10
🇲🇴 Macao SAR10
🇳🇴 Norway10
🇸🇨 Seychelles9
🇳🇺 Niue8
🇼🇸 Samoa8
🇸🇮 Slovenia7
🇮🇪 Ireland6
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste6
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein5
🇱🇺 Luxembourg5
🇳🇷 Nauru5
🇻🇺 Vanuatu5

On the flip side, Iran and Turkey hosted the most refugees in the world in 2023, around 3.4 million people each. Germany comes in third with 2.5 million refugees, and Pakistan rounds out the top four with 2.1 million refugees.

Host CountryRefugees
🇮🇷 Iran (Islamic Rep. of)3,443,522
🇹🇷 Türkiye3,368,976
🇩🇪 Germany2,509,506
🇵🇰 Pakistan2,080,501
🇺🇬 Uganda1,512,681
🇷🇺 Russian Federation1,249,342
🇵🇱 Poland989,877
🇧🇩 Bangladesh961,801
🇸🇩 Sudan926,433
🇪🇹 Ethiopia921,822
🇱🇧 Lebanon799,175
🇹🇩 Chad762,731
🇯🇴 Jordan695,821
🇫🇷 France641,626
🇨🇩 Dem. Rep. of the Congo520,073
🇰🇪 Kenya519,353
🇨🇲 Cameroon469,277
🇺🇸 United States389,335
🇪🇸 Spain369,722
🇬🇧 United Kingdom365,262
🇨🇿 Czechia351,338
🇸🇸 South Sudan314,883
🇮🇹 Italy308,663
🇪🇬 Egypt300,128
🇮🇶 Iraq279,240
🇦🇹 Austria277,158
🇸🇪 Sweden258,117
🇳🇪 Niger251,755
🇮🇳 India247,822
🇳🇱 Netherlands224,320
🇹🇿 United Rep. of Tanzania203,605
🇧🇷 Brazil193,976
🇧🇬 Bulgaria189,577
🇨🇭 Switzerland189,100
🇬🇷 Greece169,393
🇧🇪 Belgium156,921
🇨🇦 Canada150,192
🇷🇴 Romania139,081
🇲🇾 Malaysia133,821
🇷🇼 Rwanda118,497
🇲🇩 Moldova106,945
🇲🇽 Mexico105,272
🇸🇰 Slovakia105,104
🇲🇷 Mauritania103,441
🇩🇿 Algeria99,389
🇮🇪 Ireland99,048
🇹🇭 Thailand94,938
🇳🇬 Nigeria92,964
🇳🇴 Norway86,449
🇧🇮 Burundi84,187
🇫🇮 Finland80,189
🇱🇹 Lithuania73,170
🇩🇰 Denmark69,337
🇿🇲 Zambia66,513
🇲🇱 Mali63,999
🇿🇦 South Africa62,537
🇪🇨 Ecuador61,441
🇵🇹 Portugal59,311
🇭🇺 Hungary57,939
🇾🇪 Yemen57,449
🇦🇺 Australia54,430
🇦🇫 Afghanistan52,162
🇱🇻 Latvia45,237
🇨🇬 Congo42,172
🇲🇪 Montenegro40,597
🇪🇪 Estonia40,371
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso36,226
🇲🇼 Malawi34,972
🇦🇲 Armenia34,757
🇨🇾 Cyprus33,872
🇧🇾 Belarus31,602
🇷🇸 Serbia and Kosovo30,866
🇻🇪 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)29,339
🇬🇪 Georgia26,096
🇦🇴 Angola24,983
🇭🇷 Croatia23,789
🇩🇯 Djibouti21,612
🇳🇵 Nepal19,562
🇹🇬 Togo18,846
🇸🇴 Somalia16,736
🇨🇷 Costa Rica15,611
🇯🇵 Japan15,451
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan13,025
🇸🇾 Syria13,024
🇸🇳 Senegal11,821
🇲🇹 Malta11,413
🇨🇫 Central African Rep.11,322
🇸🇮 Slovenia10,684
🇱🇺 Luxembourg10,639
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea10,516
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe10,181
🇮🇩 Indonesia9,227
🇲🇰 North Macedonia8,252
🇲🇦 Morocco8,244
🇹🇯 Tajikistan8,177
🇬🇭 Ghana6,866
🇵🇪 Peru6,751
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan6,280
🇮🇸 Iceland6,193
🇵🇾 Paraguay5,891
🇲🇿 Mozambique5,331
🇳🇦 Namibia4,895
🇦🇷 Argentina4,109
🇰🇷 Rep. of Korea3,907
🇦🇱 Albania3,828
🇬🇲 Gambia3,749
🇹🇳 Tunisia3,409
🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago3,407
🇧🇯 Benin2,675
🇵🇦 Panama2,596
🇺🇦 Ukraine2,532
🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire2,293
🇬🇳 Guinea2,201
🇨🇱 Chile2,173
🇳🇿 New Zealand1,787
🇱🇾 Libya1,552
🇨🇴 Colombia1,497
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates1,393
🇺🇾 Uruguay1,222
🇮🇱 Israel1,221
🇸🇿 Eswatini1,180
🇱🇷 Liberia1,146
🇧🇴 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)1,116
🇵🇭 Philippines903
🇬🇹 Guatemala788
🇧🇼 Botswana754
🇰🇼 Kuwait693
🇩🇴 Dominican Rep.665
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein605
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka567
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia473
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan345
🇳🇮 Nicaragua311
🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina310
🇱🇸 Lesotho308
🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR304
🇴🇲 Oman295
🇨🇳 China287
🇧🇭 Bahrain255
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan253
🇬🇦 Gabon205
🇶🇦 Qatar193
🇭🇳 Honduras176
🇨🇺 Cuba157
🇧🇿 Belize145
🇪🇷 Eritrea119
🇸🇻 El Salvador106
🇲🇬 Madagascar52
🇰🇾 Cayman Islands47
🇬🇾 Guyana32
🇯🇲 Jamaica31
🇸🇷 Suriname25
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau24
🇰🇭 Cambodia24
🇻🇳 Viet Nam19
🇲🇨 Monaco17
🇫🇯 Fiji16
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan14
🇲🇳 Mongolia10
🇧🇸 Bahamas10
🇰🇲 Comoros10
🇧🇧 Barbados10
🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands7
🇲🇺 Mauritius5

Three-quarters (75%) of the world’s refugees and people needing international protection were hosted in low-and-middle-income countries. Among them, the least developed countries took in one-fifth (20%) of the total.

But while the statistics of refugees by country may paint a grim picture, there is reason for hope. In the first six months of 2023, just over 404,000 refugees returned to their countries of origin, more than double compared to the same period in 2022.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Maps

Ranked: Countries with the Most Embassies Around the World

The Global Diplomacy Index attempts to quantify and compare diplomatic networks by ranking countries with the most embassies worldwide.

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A map of the countries with the most embassies worldwide.

Mapped: Countries with the Most Embassies Around the World

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

It’s easy to contextualize a country’s economic might (GDP) or military prowess (military budgets), but what about diplomatic influence?

The Global Diplomacy Index by the Lowy Institute is an attempt to measure and compare diplomatic networks worldwide to understand the foreign ties that influence geopolitics.

From their 2024 update, we visualize the top 25 countries with the most embassies worldwide. Data for this graphic is current up to November 2023, and does not reflect diplomatic consequences from the Israel-Hamas war.

Ranked: Countries by Worldwide Embassy Count

China leads with 173 embassies around the world, eclipsing the U.S. (168) by just five more foreign posts.

Former colonial powers, France (158) and the UK (156) rank third and fourth respectively. Japan (152) rounds out the top five.

RankCountryEmbassies Overseas
1🇨🇳 China173
2🇺🇸 U.S.168
3🇫🇷 France158
4🇬🇧 UK156
5🇯🇵 Japan152
6🇩🇪 Germany148
7🇹🇷 Türkiye145
8🇷🇺 Russia143
9🇧🇷 Brazil135
10🇮🇳 India135
11🇮🇹 Italy124
12🇪🇸 Spain114
13🇰🇷 South Korea114
14🇳🇱 Netherlands106
15🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia104
16🇨🇭 Switzerland102
17🇨🇦 Canada98
18🇿🇦 South Africa98
19🇮🇩 Indonesia92
20🇵🇱 Poland91
21🇨🇿 Czech Republic91
22🇵🇰 Pakistan89
23🇦🇷 Argentina87
24🇭🇺 Hungary87
25🇸🇪 Sweden87

Note: As of November, 2023.

The index notes some key findings in the regional footprint of all these foreign posts as well.

For example, China has a larger diplomatic presence in Africa, East Asia, and the Pacific, while the U.S. leads in the Americas, Europe, and South Asia. This reflects the two superpowers’ trade and economic ties as well.

Meanwhile, Türkiye and India have grown their diplomatic networks the most in recent years. Interestingly, both countries prioritized Africa in their new outreach. In fact, India is a key export destination for many African countries.

Russia meanwhile had to close 14 foreign missions since it invaded Ukraine in 2022, slipping two ranking spots between 2017 and 2022.

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