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Mapped: Ukrainian Refugee Destinations by the Numbers

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Tracking Ukrainian refugee destinations in Europe and the U.S.

Mapped: Ukrainian Refugee Destinations by the Numbers

It’s been more than a year since Russia invaded Ukraine and forced refugees to seek destinations for new (or temporary) homes.

This ongoing conflict has resulted in one of the worst humanitarian crises in Europe in recent times. Millions of people have fled their homes and sought temporary or permanent asylum in countries across Europe, and the world.

This map by Pranav Gavali uses UNHCR data as of March 11, 2023 to highlight the countries that became Ukrainian refugee destinations.

Top Refugee Destinations in Europe

Over eight million Ukraine residents have found shelter outside of the country since February 2022, primarily in Europe.

CountryUkrainian Refugees
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia2,852,395
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland1,564,711
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany1,055,323
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czechia497,217
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy171,739
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain168,654
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom164,500
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France118,994
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia111,173
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania110,921
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova107,728
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Tรผrkiye95,874
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria94,343
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands89,730
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland81,862
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland75,260
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania75,197
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium68,869
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia67601
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal58,242
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden52,325
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria50,112
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland47,067
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway41,519
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark40,613
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia35,243
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary34,248
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro34,170
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช Georgia25,701
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia21,115
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus20,983
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece20,955
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus15,992
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia9,061
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg6,756
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia6,514
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Azerbaijan4,928
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia and ๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo3,028
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania2,686
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland2,239
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta1,744
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Armenia541
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein410
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina165

The largest share of refugees at 35% have actually gone directly to Russia. Despite various reports of forced transfers of Ukrainian refugees to Russia, the country claims to have helped evacuate civilians without force.

The next largest intakes were from Poland and Germany, thanks in part to their close proximity and strong regional economies. Both have welcomed more than 1 million Ukrainian refugees, with Poland accepting over 1.5 million alone.

Czechia, Italy, and Spain are the next highest recipients of Ukrainian refugees in Europe, taking in a collective total of 10%.

And some refugees have ended up outside of Europe as well, though the UNCHR’s tracker only includes European countries. The U.S. for example is the fifth largest Ukrainian refugee destination overall, taking in more than 200,000 refugees through December 2022.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Misc

Visualized: Aircraft Carriers by Country

The U.S. controls 40% of global aircraft carrier fleet.

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A voronoi graphic showing aircraft carriers by country.

Visualized: Aircraft Carriers by Country

This was originally posted on ourย Voronoi app. Download the app for free onย iOSย orย Androidย and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Aircraft carriers are warships equipped with a full-length flight deck for carrying, deploying, and recovering aircraft. Since they allow naval forces to utilize air power without relying on local bases, they usually serve as the capital ships of a fleet.

In this graphic, we visualize the number of aircraft carriers in service by country as of May 2024.

This graphic only includes ships capable of carrying planes (excluding those designed solely for helicopters). The list is based on data from various sources.

U.S. Dominance

The U.S., with 11 aircraft carriers in total, owns 40% of the global fleet. Some of the American carriers can carry around 80 fighters. The country’s total combined deck space is over twice that of all other nations combined.

CountryIn serviceNATO Member
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States11Yes
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China3No
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India2No
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy2Yes
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan2No
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom2Yes
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France1Yes
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia1No
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain1Yes
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ Thailand1No
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey1Yes
Total27

Along with France, the U.S. is the only nation with nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. These ships can remain at sea for as long as crew provisions last, without the need for refueling.

In 2024, China’s newest, largest, and most advanced aircraft carrier, the Fujian, started sea trials. With the addition of this ship, the country becomes second in our ranking.

Of 11 countries that have aircraft carriers in their fleets, six are NATO members.

Learn More About War Machines from Visual Capitalist

If you enjoyed this post, be sure to check out ‘Visualized: Top 15 Global Tank Fleets.’ This visualization showcases the most powerful tank fleets as of 2024.

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