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Mapped: Ukrainian Refugee Destinations by the Numbers

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Tracking Ukrainian refugee destinations in Europe and the U.S.

Mapped: Ukrainian Refugee Destinations by the Numbers

It’s been more than a year since Russia invaded Ukraine and forced refugees to seek destinations for new (or temporary) homes.

This ongoing conflict has resulted in one of the worst humanitarian crises in Europe in recent times. Millions of people have fled their homes and sought temporary or permanent asylum in countries across Europe, and the world.

This map by Pranav Gavali uses UNHCR data as of March 11, 2023 to highlight the countries that became Ukrainian refugee destinations.

Top Refugee Destinations in Europe

Over eight million Ukraine residents have found shelter outside of the country since February 2022, primarily in Europe.

CountryUkrainian Refugees
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia2,852,395
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland1,564,711
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany1,055,323
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czechia497,217
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy171,739
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain168,654
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom164,500
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France118,994
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia111,173
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania110,921
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova107,728
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Tรผrkiye95,874
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria94,343
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands89,730
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland81,862
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland75,260
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania75,197
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium68,869
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia67601
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal58,242
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden52,325
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria50,112
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland47,067
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway41,519
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark40,613
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia35,243
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary34,248
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro34,170
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช Georgia25,701
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia21,115
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus20,983
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece20,955
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus15,992
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia9,061
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg6,756
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia6,514
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Azerbaijan4,928
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia and ๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo3,028
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania2,686
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland2,239
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta1,744
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Armenia541
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein410
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina165

The largest share of refugees at 35% have actually gone directly to Russia. Despite various reports of forced transfers of Ukrainian refugees to Russia, the country claims to have helped evacuate civilians without force.

The next largest intakes were from Poland and Germany, thanks in part to their close proximity and strong regional economies. Both have welcomed more than 1 million Ukrainian refugees, with Poland accepting over 1.5 million alone.

Czechia, Italy, and Spain are the next highest recipients of Ukrainian refugees in Europe, taking in a collective total of 10%.

And some refugees have ended up outside of Europe as well, though the UNCHR’s tracker only includes European countries. The U.S. for example is the fifth largest Ukrainian refugee destination overall, taking in more than 200,000 refugees through December 2022.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Countries

Ranked: Share of Global Arms Exports in 2022

The U.S. is the biggest weapons exporter in the world, but which other countries take up a significant share of global arms exports in 2022? And how has that share changed over time?

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A cropped chart showing the biggest weapons exporters by share of global arms exports in 2022.

Ranked: Share of Global Arms Exports 2018โ€“2022

In 2022, global military budgets hit $2.2 trillion, an eighth consecutive year of increase.

Part of those budgets were used for the procurement of arms, but which countries are major weapons suppliers, and how do they influence the global arms trade?

We chart out the top 10 countries with the biggest share of global arms exports using data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Which Country Exports the Most Weapons?

The U.S. is the biggest weapons exporter, accounting for 40% of the total volume of international arms transfers between 2018โ€“2022. Nearly one-fifth of these exports headed to Saudi Arabia, and other significant amounts went to Japan (8.6%) and Australia (8.4%).

Below we rank the biggest weapons exporters by share of total volume traded in 2018โ€“2022, as well as their growth or decline from trends recorded in 2013โ€“2017.

RankCountry% share of global arms exports
(2018-2022)
% change between
2013-17 & 2018-22
1๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.40%+14%
2๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia16%-31%
3๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France11%+44%
4๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China5%-23%
5๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany4%-35%
6๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy4%+45%
7๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK3%-35%
8๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain3%-4%
9๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea2%+74%
10๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel2%-15%
N/A๐ŸŒ Rest of World9%N/A

Russia (16%) and France (11%) rank close together, followed by China (5%) and Germany (4%) to round out the top five major arms exporters.

However France’s export volumes grown considerably (+44%) from the previous five-year period, thanks to big sales to India, which included 62 combat aircraft and four submarines, one-third of all French weapons trade. This has resulted in France leapfrogging the U.S. as India’s second-largest weapons supplier after Russia.

On the other hand, Russia’s exports by volume has decreased (-31%) even before sanctions kicked in after the invasion of Ukraine. Its biggest trade partners, India and China, have prioritized developing their own weapons industries.

South Korea’s Surging Weapons Exports

Another country whose arms sales are skyrocketing is South Korea, which ranks 9th in the overall share of global arms exports, but has seen a 74% increase in its export volumes. Key recipients include the Philippines, India, and Thailand.

South Korean president Yoon Suk Yeol has pledged to grow his country into the worldโ€™s fourth largest arms exporter by 2027.

Interestingly, South Korea is one of three countries which is both a top-10 arms exporter and importer (along with China and the U.S.) as it has many takers for domestically produced military equipment, while simultaneously being reliant on American-produced long-range missiles and advanced combat aircraft.

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