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Mapped: Meat Consumption By Country and Type

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A map detailing meat consumption by country, including fish & seafood.

Mapped: Meat Consumption By Country and Type

Meat is always on the menu in many parts of the world, as we can see when we map out meat consumption by country.

How do countries differ in how much, and what type of meat, they eat? In this colorful graphic, our creator theWORLDMAPS highlights the most consumed type of meat in every country in the world, using data from the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Each color denotes a different category of meat—bovine, pork, mutton, poultry, seafood, or other—with annual consumption calculated per capita in kilograms (kg).

Let’s dig in to the data.

Is Fish Considered Meat?

Since meat is normally defined as the flesh of any animal (with the primary components being water, fat, and protein), that includes fish and other seafood.

But whether fish is considered “meat” or not depends a lot on cultural practices and dietary preferences, and has varied throughout history. Some earlier definitions of meat focused only on mammals, for example.

In Christianity for example, many denominations allow eating fish on fasting days when abstaining from meat. This was both due to distinctions between meat from warm-blooded land animals and cold-blooded animals (like fish), as well as the importance of fish consumption in parts of Europe where Christianity flourished.

To account for both sides of the debate, we’ll cover meat consumption by country both with and without fish and seafood.

The Most Consumed Meat by Country (Including Seafood)

Just by glancing at the map and the below table, poultry stands out as the most popular meat by weight consumption in 70 countries, or about 40% of the entire database.

Note: Other meat includes less frequently farmed animals like rabbit, horse, and camel, as well as game—meat from wild animals.

CountryMost Consumed Meat
🇦🇫 AfghanistanMutton & Goat
🇦🇱 AlbaniaPoultry
🇩🇿 AlgeriaMutton & Goat
🇦🇴 AngolaFish & Seafood
🇦🇬 Antigua & BarbudaPoultry
🇦🇷 ArgentinaBovine
🇦🇲 ArmeniaBovine
🇦🇺 AustraliaPoultry
🇦🇹 AustriaPork
🇦🇿 AzerbaijanPoultry
🇧🇸 BahamasPoultry
🇧🇭 BahrainPoultry
🇧🇩 BangladeshFish & Seafood
🇧🇧 BarbadosPoultry
🇧🇾 BelarusPork
🇧🇪 BelgiumPork
🇧🇿 BelizePoultry
🇧🇯 BeninFish & Seafood
🇧🇹 BhutanBovine
🇧🇴 BoliviaPoultry
🇧🇦 Bosnia & HerzegovinaPoultry
🇧🇼 BotswanaOther
🇧🇷 BrazilPoultry
🇧🇬 BulgariaPork
🇧🇫 Burkina FasoPork
🇧🇮 BurundiFish & Seafood
🇨🇻 Cabo VerdePoultry
🇰🇭 CambodiaFish & Seafood
🇨🇲 CameroonFish & Seafood
🇨🇦 CanadaPoultry
🇨🇫 Central African RepublicBovine
🇹🇩 ChadBovine
🇨🇱 ChilePoultry
🇨🇳 ChinaFish & Seafood
🇨🇴 ColombiaPoultry
🇰🇲 ComorosPoultry
🇨🇬 CongoFish & Seafood
🇨🇷 Costa RicaPoultry
🇨🇮 Côte d’IvoireFish & Seafood
🇭🇷 CroatiaPork
🇨🇺 CubaPoultry
🇨🇾 CyprusPork
🇨🇿 CzechiaPork
🇩🇰 DenmarkFish & Seafood
🇩🇯 DjiboutiBovine
🇩🇲 DominicaPoultry
🇩🇴 Dominican RepublicPoultry
🇨🇩 DR CongoFish & Seafood
🇪🇨 EcuadorPoultry
🇪🇬 EgyptFish & Seafood
🇸🇻 El SalvadorPoultry
🇪🇪 EstoniaPork
🇸🇿 EswatiniBovine
🇪🇹 EthiopiaBovine
🇫🇯 FijiPoultry
🇫🇮 FinlandFish & Seafood
🇫🇷 FranceFish & Seafood
🇵🇫 French PolynesiaPoultry
🇬🇦 GabonPoultry
🇬🇲 GambiaFish & Seafood
🇬🇪 GeorgiaPoultry
🇩🇪 GermanyPork
🇬🇭 GhanaFish & Seafood
🇬🇷 GreecePoultry
🇬🇩 GrenadaPoultry
🇬🇹 GuatemalaPoultry
🇬🇳 GuineaFish & Seafood
🇬🇼 Guinea-BissauPork
🇬🇾 GuyanaPoultry
🇭🇹 HaitiPoultry
🇭🇳 HondurasPoultry
🇭🇰 Hong KongFish & Seafood
🇭🇺 HungaryPork
🇮🇸 IcelandFish & Seafood
🇮🇳 IndiaFish & Seafood
🇮🇩 IndonesiaFish & Seafood
🇮🇷 IranPoultry
🇮🇶 IraqPoultry
🇮🇪 IrelandPork
🇮🇱 IsraelPoultry
🇮🇹 ItalyPork
🇯🇲 JamaicaPoultry
🇯🇵 JapanFish & Seafood
🇯🇴 JordanPoultry
🇰🇿 KazakhstanBovine
🇰🇪 KenyaBovine
🇰🇮 KiribatiFish & Seafood
🇰🇼 KuwaitPoultry
🇰🇬 KyrgyzstanBovine
🇱🇦 LaosFish & Seafood
🇱🇻 LatviaPork
🇱🇧 LebanonPoultry
🇱🇸 LesothoPork
🇱🇷 LiberiaPoultry
🇱🇾 LibyaPoultry
🇱🇹 LithuaniaPork
🇱🇺 LuxembourgPork
🇲🇴 MacaoFish & Seafood
🇲🇬 MadagascarFish & Seafood
🇲🇼 MalawiPork
🇲🇾 MalaysiaFish & Seafood
🇲🇻 MaldivesFish & Seafood
🇲🇱 MaliFish & Seafood
🇲🇹 MaltaBovine
🇲🇷 MauritaniaMutton & Goat
🇲🇺 MauritiusPoultry
🇲🇽 MexicoPoultry
🇫🇲 MicronesiaFish & Seafood
🇲🇩 MoldovaPork
🇲🇳 MongoliaMutton & Goat
🇲🇪 MontenegroPork
🇲🇦 MoroccoPoultry
🇲🇿 MozambiqueFish & Seafood
🇲🇲 MyanmarFish & Seafood
🇳🇦 NamibiaFish & Seafood
🇳🇷 NauruFish & Seafood
🇳🇵 NepalBovine
🇳🇱 NetherlandsPork
🇳🇨 New CaledoniaPoultry
🇳🇿 New ZealandFish & Seafood
🇳🇮 NicaraguaPoultry
🇳🇪 NigerBovine
🇳🇬 NigeriaFish & Seafood
🇰🇵 North KoreaFish & Seafood
🇲🇰 North MacedoniaPoultry
🇳🇴 NorwayFish & Seafood
🇴🇲 OmanFish & Seafood
🇵🇰 PakistanBovine
🇵🇦 PanamaPoultry
🇵🇬 Papua New GuineaOther
🇵🇾 ParaguayBovine
🇵🇪 PeruPoultry
🇵🇭 PhilippinesFish & Seafood
🇵🇱 PolandPork
🇵🇹 PortugalFish & Seafood
🇶🇦 QatarPoultry
🇷🇴 RomaniaPork
🇷🇺 RussiaPoultry
🇷🇼 RwandaFish & Seafood
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts & NevisPoultry
🇱🇨 Saint LuciaPoultry
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent & the GrenadinesPoultry
🇼🇸 SamoaPoultry
🇸🇹 Sao Tome & PrincipeFish & Seafood
🇸🇦 Saudi ArabiaPoultry
🇸🇳 SenegalFish & Seafood
🇷🇸 SerbiaPork
🇸🇨 SeychellesFish & Seafood
🇸🇱 Sierra LeoneFish & Seafood
🇸🇰 SlovakiaPork
🇸🇮 SloveniaPoultry
🇸🇧 Solomon IslandsFish & Seafood
🇿🇦 South AfricaPoultry
🇰🇷 South KoreaFish & Seafood
🇸🇸 South SudanBovine
🇪🇸 SpainPork
🇱🇰 Sri LankaFish & Seafood
🇸🇩 SudanBovine
🇸🇷 SurinamePoultry
🇸🇪 SwedenFish & Seafood
🇨🇭 SwitzerlandPork
🇸🇾 SyriaMutton & Goat
🇹🇼 TaiwanPoultry
🇹🇯 TajikistanBovine
🇹🇿 TanzaniaBovine
🇹🇭 ThailandFish & Seafood
🇹🇱 Timor-LestePork
🇹🇬 TogoFish & Seafood
🇹🇹 Trinidad & TobagoPoultry
🇹🇳 TunisiaPoultry
🇹🇷 TürkiyePoultry
🇹🇲 TurkmenistanBovine
🇺🇸 U.S.Poultry
🇦🇪 UAEPoultry
🇺🇬 UgandaFish & Seafood
🇬🇧 UKPoultry
🇺🇦 UkrainePoultry
🇺🇾 UruguayPoultry
🇺🇿 UzbekistanBovine
🇻🇺 VanuatuFish & Seafood
🇻🇪 VenezuelaPoultry
🇻🇳 VietnamFish & Seafood
🇾🇪 YemenPoultry
🇿🇲 ZambiaFish & Seafood
🇿🇼 ZimbabweBovine

Fish & Seafood ranks as the second most popularly consumed meat in 56 countries, most of them with significant coastlines.

Here’s a breakdown of how much of each type of meat is eaten per capita in each country, measured in kilograms.

CountryPoultryPork Fish &
Seafood
Bovine Mutton
& Other
🇦🇫 Afghanistan1.70.00.43.24.3
🇦🇱 Albania13.95.38.711.78.3
🇩🇿 Algeria6.40.03.83.88.4
🇦🇴 Angola8.47.014.13.41.1
🇦🇬 Antigua &
Barbuda
61.814.354.15.01.0
🇦🇷 Argentina46.214.46.846.92.6
🇦🇲 Armenia15.38.15.523.93.6
🇦🇺 Australia48.724.224.137.011.5
🇦🇹 Austria15.745.014.314.91.4
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan14.40.62.013.58.4
🇧🇸 Bahamas54.423.824.25.21.7
🇧🇭 Bahrain44.00.816.313.722.2
🇧🇩 Bangladesh1.60.026.71.31.4
🇧🇧 Barbados49.312.342.98.03.4
🇧🇾 Belarus32.239.211.818.60.4
🇧🇪 Belgium12.432.822.714.02.6
🇧🇿 Belize23.820.813.33.60.3
🇧🇯 Benin8.70.716.23.61.5
🇧🇹 Bhutan4.61.97.39.30.3
🇧🇴 Bolivia40.99.72.821.64.9
🇧🇦 Bosnia &
Herzegovina
20.09.37.312.80.6
🇧🇼 Botswana3.50.52.610.214.3
🇧🇷 Brazil48.414.28.135.41.2
🇧🇬 Bulgaria21.530.07.43.52.0
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso9.515.28.95.34.3
🇧🇮 Burundi0.60.92.60.90.8
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde19.47.310.81.71.9
🇰🇭 Cambodia2.85.945.84.20.0
🇨🇲 Cameroon3.31.219.13.14.0
🇨🇦 Canada40.121.420.727.51.6
🇨🇫 Central African
Republic
2.64.17.420.810.4
🇹🇩 Chad0.50.26.627.518.7
🇨🇱 Chile36.122.114.823.71.3
🇨🇳 China15.635.539.96.84.2
🇨🇴 Colombia33.810.58.913.70.1
🇰🇲 Comoros26.80.114.33.01.2
🇨🇬 Congo23.26.824.51.98.1
🇨🇷 Costa Rica34.312.718.011.40.0
🇨🇮 Côte d’Ivoire2.91.023.21.46.5
🇭🇷 Croatia16.649.619.111.22.1
🇨🇺 Cuba37.721.66.17.44.9
🇨🇾 Cyprus28.436.825.55.94.6
🇨🇿 Czechia23.544.510.510.20.9
🇩🇰 Denmark24.613.526.524.31.3
🇩🇯 Djibouti3.60.13.56.25.4
🇩🇲 Dominica39.411.427.98.11.1
🇩🇴 Dominican
Republic
32.29.98.56.30.2
🇨🇩 DR Congo1.30.54.20.31.2
🇪🇨 Ecuador18.912.98.213.30.4
🇪🇬 Egypt14.30.027.17.41.5
🇸🇻 El Salvador25.94.76.58.20.0
🇪🇪 Estonia21.137.714.78.50.5
🇸🇿 Eswatini7.32.04.316.12.0
🇪🇹 Ethiopia0.60.00.53.83.5
🇫🇯 Fiji28.83.726.53.15.3
🇫🇮 Finland21.130.833.518.41.1
🇫🇷 France23.031.033.220.83.5
🇵🇫 French
Polynesia
48.814.347.321.43.7
🇬🇦 Gabon39.78.328.74.714.3
🇬🇲 Gambia10.60.325.23.41.1
🇬🇪 Georgia18.29.310.05.81.8
🇩🇪 Germany18.344.012.614.61.8
🇬🇭 Ghana11.61.224.91.64.2
🇬🇷 Greece25.625.021.714.59.4
🇬🇩 Grenada37.414.633.84.11.4
🇬🇹 Guatemala28.73.63.011.70.3
🇬🇳 Guinea2.70.29.78.22.8
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau3.17.21.23.71.3
🇬🇾 Guyana41.45.025.04.21.2
🇭🇹 Haiti10.94.05.04.20.9
🇭🇳 Honduras21.65.02.66.00.1
🇭🇰 Hong Kong55.555.265.822.53.0
🇭🇺 Hungary29.848.36.44.60.3
🇮🇸 Iceland30.021.890.614.024.4
🇮🇳 India2.60.28.01.10.6
🇮🇩 Indonesia13.70.944.42.80.5
🇮🇷 Iran26.00.012.67.64.5
🇮🇶 Iraq5.40.03.63.11.7
🇮🇪 Ireland24.731.122.619.83.6
🇮🇱 Israel68.91.624.727.21.7
🇮🇹 Italy19.632.929.215.91.8
🇯🇲 Jamaica53.93.125.23.80.7
🇯🇵 Japan22.321.346.29.60.3
🇯🇴 Jordan26.10.05.16.84.8
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan21.28.22.826.615.9
🇰🇪 Kenya1.30.42.94.54.5
🇰🇮 Kiribati26.610.373.21.90.3
🇰🇼 Kuwait46.60.014.09.416.7
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan5.22.11.114.910.0
🇱🇦 Laos6.613.524.18.40.5
🇱🇻 Latvia26.238.425.05.30.8
🇱🇧 Lebanon18.60.68.79.21.1
🇱🇸 Lesotho2.13.83.02.03.9
🇱🇷 Liberia11.35.34.30.42.1
🇱🇾 Libya32.80.014.32.96.5
🇱🇹 Lithuania33.350.733.15.91.1
🇱🇺 Luxembourg18.133.131.725.72.0
🇲🇴 Macao45.646.973.29.41.8
🇲🇬 Madagascar3.11.04.01.30.5
🇲🇼 Malawi5.711.810.12.93.1
🇲🇾 Malaysia50.27.454.76.01.0
🇲🇻 Maldives11.00.483.15.90.8
🇲🇱 Mali2.40.18.53.62.6
🇲🇹 Malta25.225.822.826.41.8
🇲🇷 Mauritania6.30.08.46.418.4
🇲🇺 Mauritius38.73.224.04.54.2
🇲🇽 Mexico35.919.113.614.61.5
🇫🇲 Micronesia38.216.247.44.90.2
🇲🇩 Moldova17.219.211.71.90.3
🇲🇳 Mongolia3.00.60.626.681.4
🇲🇪 Montenegro17.143.215.615.02.1
🇲🇦 Morocco24.00.018.47.76.9
🇲🇿 Mozambique3.83.113.40.60.1
🇲🇲 Myanmar29.920.145.09.31.7
🇳🇦 Namibia10.24.511.98.88.9
🇳🇷 Nauru51.028.251.019.16.9
🇳🇵 Nepal2.31.03.58.22.7
🇳🇱 Netherlands10.027.721.916.25.2
🇳🇨 New
Caledonia
40.917.423.417.72.3
🇳🇿 New Zealand26.025.226.418.615.3
🇳🇮 Nicaragua21.85.36.62.20.4
🇳🇪 Niger1.00.11.82.84.4
🇳🇬 Nigeria1.21.56.71.62.8
🇰🇵 North Korea1.84.311.00.86.7
🇲🇰 North
Macedonia
20.012.66.26.80.9
🇳🇴 Norway20.023.750.217.85.8
🇴🇲 Oman19.70.426.19.014.3
🇵🇰 Pakistan6.20.01.69.82.6
🇵🇦 Panama55.415.913.714.51.0
🇵🇬 Papua
New Guinea
3.99.914.60.847.8
🇵🇾 Paraguay9.68.84.021.90.6
🇵🇪 Peru42.74.527.14.21.9
🇵🇭 Philippines15.914.529.13.10.3
🇵🇱 Poland32.955.012.51.50.1
🇵🇹 Portugal30.638.160.018.82.8
🇶🇦 Qatar54.31.221.18.412.1
🇷🇴 Romania23.934.58.35.22.7
🇷🇺 Russia30.828.221.712.95.1
🇷🇼 Rwanda1.51.04.62.73.2
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts
& Nevis
48.715.538.82.92.5
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia57.614.933.63.82.0
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent
& the Grenadines
74.711.319.47.80.7
🇼🇸 Samoa65.712.347.66.93.5
🇸🇹 Sao Tome
& Principe
17.14.727.71.70.1
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia43.00.011.74.47.7
🇸🇳 Senegal7.41.211.95.03.7
🇷🇸 Serbia14.137.36.76.14.1
🇸🇨 Seychelles36.913.756.89.22.7
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone5.41.025.51.31.9
🇸🇰 Slovakia16.938.810.25.80.9
🇸🇮 Slovenia30.425.813.215.31.1
🇸🇧 Solomon
Islands
6.14.428.11.80.1
🇿🇦 South Africa34.94.26.517.23.5
🇰🇷 South Korea22.838.455.316.90.5
🇸🇸 South Sudan4.30.02.912.44.3
🇪🇸 Spain33.652.640.812.33.4
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka10.40.129.01.20.1
🇸🇩 Sudan1.90.01.18.010.5
🇸🇷 Suriname49.68.016.54.40.3
🇸🇪 Sweden15.428.632.222.51.5
🇨🇭 Switzerland16.927.816.019.12.4
🇸🇾 Syria6.40.02.22.27.3
🇹🇼 Taiwan41.638.429.86.10.9
🇹🇯 Tajikistan3.50.10.725.87.8
🇹🇿 Tanzania1.50.36.47.81.6
🇹🇭 Thailand11.413.129.21.20.0
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste9.411.56.41.60.4
🇹🇬 Togo7.22.311.70.82.2
🇹🇹 Trinidad
& Tobago
63.15.623.65.71.5
🇹🇳 Tunisia17.90.014.13.75.8
🇹🇷 Türkiye20.00.05.516.01.3
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan6.10.12.822.520.8
🇺🇸 U.S.58.730.622.837.91.4
🇦🇪 UAE31.10.025.46.710.4
🇺🇬 Uganda1.52.914.33.61.0
🇬🇧 UK32.724.017.917.45.0
🇺🇦 Ukraine24.916.713.87.20.7
🇺🇾 Uruguay21.014.19.119.43.5
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan3.10.24.031.66.1
🇻🇺 Vanuatu14.612.429.07.20.3
🇻🇪 Venezuela16.14.410.212.00.3
🇻🇳 Vietnam15.838.239.66.10.5
🇾🇪 Yemen11.20.03.03.04.5
🇿🇲 Zambia2.61.513.19.32.7
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe4.60.73.042.34.3

The world’s largest consumers of meat per capita? Hong Kong, Iceland, and Macao have the highest total meat consumption, all above 170 kg (370 lbs) per capita.

We take a brief look through the biggest consumers of each type of meat below.

Who Eats the Most Poultry?

While the U.S. and China eat the most chicken by absolute numbers, the countries rank 7th and 112th respectively when it comes to poultry consumption on a per capita basis.

Several island nations—St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago, Samoa—along with Israel eat more than 60 kilograms of poultry meat (about 15 large birds) per person on an annual basis.

Regionally, poultry consumption can be seen spanning almost all of the Americas, as well as in the UK and former British colonies Australia and South Africa, and in the Middle East.

Who Eats the Most Pork?

Despite eating more seafood and poultry, Hong Kong leads the world in pork consumption per capita annually at 55 kg (121 lbs). This is almost equivalent to the average amount of retail pork harvested from a single 250 lb pig.

Poland and Spain—who are also top pork producers—rank close behind Hong Kong with similar pork consumption numbers. Indeed, we can see pork as the most consumed meat in many European countries with local histories of pork foods, as well as in a few countries in Africa including Burkina Faso and one Southeast Asian country, Timor-Leste.

Who Eats the Most Fish and Seafood?

In the middle of the North Atlantic ocean, Iceland eats the most fish and seafood in the world, at a staggering 90 kg (nearly 200 lbs), per person per year. That also gives Iceland the crown for the highest per-capita consumption of any single type of meat.

Behind Iceland are other island and high coastline nations, including the Maldives, Hong Kong, Macao, and Portugal. Regionally we can see the importance of seafood reflected in East and South Asia, the Atlantic coastline of Africa, and the Nordic countries in Europe.

Who Eats the Most Beef (and other Bovine Meats)?

Argentina’s 46-million-strong population eats nearly 47 kg (103 lbs) of bovine meat per person per year, the most by any country in the UN’s database.

The South American country has a rich culinary history with beef, as cattle brought by Spanish settlers flourished on the grassy plains of the region. Such is cattle’s importance on the continent that the gaucho—a horseman engaged in cattle work—is a folk symbol in Argentina, Uruguay and parts of Brazil (which ranks 5th in bovine meat consumption).

The map of bovine consumption highlights Central Asian countries including Uzbekistan and Eastern African countries including Ethiopia.

Who Eats the Most Mutton & Other Meat?

The people of Mongolia are unrivaled in their consumption of mutton and goat meat, devouring an impressive 66 kilograms (145 pounds) per capita annually. This voracious appetite for meat is deeply rooted in their heritage as a nation of skilled shepherds.

Papua New Guinea, meanwhile, tops the “other meat” consumption rankings. The country is the largest producer of game meat in the world, due to its mostly rural and indigenous population relying on hunting. One 2023 study found that a sample of villages in the country primarily hunted wild deer and boar for meat, although marsupials like bandicoots, tree-kangaroos, and cuscus were occasionally hunted and consumed as well.

Mongolia also ranks highly in consumption of other meat per capita, likely due to their traditional consumption of horse meat. The country produced just over 100,000 tons of horse meat in 2020, one-sixth of the country’s total meat production that year.

Mapping Meat Consumption By Country, Without Seafood

What happens to each country’s meat consumption habits if we remove fish and seafood from the dataset? The map, and the rankings change quite a bit.

A map detailing meat consumption by country, but excluding fish & seafood.

Most of the blue on the map is replaced with a wash of yellow, indicating the global popularity of poultry meat as a cheap and efficient source of protein. However, much of East Asia including China and European countries like France and Sweden consume more pork.

The rankings for total meat consumption also shuffle.

CountryTotal (With Seafood)Total (Without Seafood)
🇦🇫 Afghanistan9.69.3
🇦🇱 Albania47.839.1
🇩🇿 Algeria22.418.6
🇦🇴 Angola34.119.9
🇦🇬 Antigua & Barbuda136.282.1
🇦🇷 Argentina116.9110.2
🇦🇲 Armenia56.450.9
🇦🇺 Australia145.6121.5
🇦🇹 Austria91.276.9
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan38.936.9
🇧🇸 Bahamas109.385.1
🇧🇭 Bahrain96.980.6
🇧🇩 Bangladesh31.14.3
🇧🇧 Barbados115.873.0
🇧🇾 Belarus102.290.4
🇧🇪 Belgium84.561.9
🇧🇿 Belize61.848.5
🇧🇯 Benin30.814.6
🇧🇹 Bhutan23.416.1
🇧🇴 Bolivia79.977.1
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina50.142.8
🇧🇼 Botswana31.128.6
🇧🇷 Brazil107.299.2
🇧🇬 Bulgaria64.356.9
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso43.234.3
🇧🇮 Burundi5.73.1
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde41.230.4
🇰🇭 Cambodia58.612.9
🇨🇲 Cameroon30.811.6
🇨🇦 Canada111.390.6
🇨🇫 Central African Republic45.137.8
🇹🇩 Chad53.546.9
🇨🇱 Chile97.883.0
🇨🇳 China102.062.1
🇨🇴 Colombia67.058.1
🇰🇲 Comoros45.531.2
🇨🇬 Congo64.540.0
🇨🇷 Costa Rica76.458.5
🇨🇮 Côte d’Ivoire35.011.8
🇭🇷 Croatia98.679.5
🇨🇺 Cuba77.671.6
🇨🇾 Cyprus101.175.6
🇨🇿 Czechia89.679.2
🇩🇰 Denmark90.163.7
🇩🇯 Djibouti18.915.4
🇩🇲 Dominica87.960.1
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic57.148.6
🇨🇩 DR Congo7.43.3
🇪🇨 Ecuador53.645.4
🇪🇬 Egypt50.323.3
🇸🇻 El Salvador45.438.8
🇪🇪 Estonia82.467.8
🇸🇿 Eswatini31.727.4
🇪🇹 Ethiopia8.47.9
🇫🇯 Fiji67.440.9
🇫🇮 Finland104.871.4
🇫🇷 France111.578.2
🇵🇫 French Polynesia135.488.2
🇬🇦 Gabon95.767.0
🇬🇲 Gambia40.615.5
🇬🇪 Georgia45.135.1
🇩🇪 Germany91.478.8
🇬🇭 Ghana43.518.5
🇬🇷 Greece96.274.5
🇬🇩 Grenada91.357.5
🇬🇹 Guatemala47.244.2
🇬🇳 Guinea23.613.9
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau16.515.3
🇬🇾 Guyana76.851.8
🇭🇹 Haiti25.020.0
🇭🇳 Honduras35.432.8
🇭🇰 Hong Kong202.1136.3
🇭🇺 Hungary89.382.9
🇮🇸 Iceland180.990.2
🇮🇳 India12.64.6
🇮🇩 Indonesia62.317.9
🇮🇷 Iran50.638.0
🇮🇶 Iraq13.810.2
🇮🇪 Ireland101.879.2
🇮🇱 Israel124.199.4
🇮🇹 Italy99.470.2
🇯🇲 Jamaica86.761.5
🇯🇵 Japan99.653.4
🇯🇴 Jordan42.837.7
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan74.771.9
🇰🇪 Kenya13.610.7
🇰🇮 Kiribati112.439.2
🇰🇼 Kuwait86.672.7
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan33.232.1
🇱🇦 Laos53.129.0
🇱🇻 Latvia95.870.8
🇱🇧 Lebanon38.229.5
🇱🇸 Lesotho14.711.7
🇱🇷 Liberia23.419.1
🇱🇾 Libya56.542.2
🇱🇹 Lithuania123.990.9
🇱🇺 Luxembourg110.678.9
🇲🇴 Macao176.9103.7
🇲🇬 Madagascar9.85.8
🇲🇼 Malawi33.723.6
🇲🇾 Malaysia119.464.7
🇲🇻 Maldives101.218.1
🇲🇱 Mali17.18.6
🇲🇹 Malta102.079.1
🇲🇷 Mauritania39.531.1
🇲🇺 Mauritius74.550.5
🇲🇽 Mexico84.771.1
🇫🇲 Micronesia106.759.4
🇲🇩 Moldova50.338.6
🇲🇳 Mongolia112.1111.6
🇲🇪 Montenegro93.077.4
🇲🇦 Morocco57.038.6
🇲🇿 Mozambique21.07.6
🇲🇲 Myanmar106.061.0
🇳🇦 Namibia44.332.4
🇳🇷 Nauru156.2105.1
🇳🇵 Nepal17.714.2
🇳🇱 Netherlands81.059.1
🇳🇨 New Caledonia101.778.3
🇳🇿 New Zealand111.485.0
🇳🇮 Nicaragua36.329.6
🇳🇪 Niger10.18.3
🇳🇬 Nigeria13.87.0
🇰🇵 North Korea24.613.6
🇲🇰 North Macedonia46.640.3
🇳🇴 Norway117.467.2
🇴🇲 Oman69.543.4
🇵🇰 Pakistan20.218.6
🇵🇦 Panama100.586.8
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea77.062.4
🇵🇾 Paraguay44.940.9
🇵🇪 Peru80.553.4
🇵🇭 Philippines62.833.7
🇵🇱 Poland102.089.5
🇵🇹 Portugal150.290.2
🇶🇦 Qatar96.975.9
🇷🇴 Romania74.766.4
🇷🇺 Russia98.676.9
🇷🇼 Rwanda12.98.4
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts & Nevis108.569.7
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia111.978.3
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent & the Grenadines113.894.4
🇼🇸 Samoa135.988.3
🇸🇹 Sao Tome & Principe51.323.6
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia66.855.0
🇸🇳 Senegal29.117.2
🇷🇸 Serbia68.361.6
🇸🇨 Seychelles119.262.5
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone35.09.5
🇸🇰 Slovakia72.762.5
🇸🇮 Slovenia85.772.5
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands40.512.4
🇿🇦 South Africa66.259.8
🇰🇷 South Korea133.878.5
🇸🇸 South Sudan23.921.0
🇪🇸 Spain142.7101.9
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka40.811.8
🇸🇩 Sudan21.520.3
🇸🇷 Suriname78.862.3
🇸🇪 Sweden100.268.0
🇨🇭 Switzerland82.266.2
🇸🇾 Syria18.015.8
🇹🇼 Taiwan116.787.0
🇹🇯 Tajikistan37.937.2
🇹🇿 Tanzania17.611.2
🇹🇭 Thailand54.925.8
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste29.322.9
🇹🇬 Togo24.212.5
🇹🇹 Trinidad & Tobago99.575.9
🇹🇳 Tunisia41.427.3
🇹🇷 Türkiye42.837.3
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan52.249.4
🇺🇸 U.S.151.4128.6
🇦🇪 UAE73.648.2
🇺🇬 Uganda23.39.0
🇬🇧 UK97.079.1
🇺🇦 Ukraine63.349.5
🇺🇾 Uruguay67.358.1
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan45.041.0
🇻🇺 Vanuatu63.534.5
🇻🇪 Venezuela43.132.9
🇻🇳 Vietnam100.260.6
🇾🇪 Yemen21.718.7
🇿🇲 Zambia29.316.2
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe54.951.9

Hong Kong remains at the top, but the U.S. jumps up three spots to second place, with annual per capita meat consumption at 128 kg (282 lbs) when seafood isn’t included.

Iceland and Macao drop to the top 15, while Australia, Mongolia, and Argentina climb into the top five. Other countries that preferred seafood dropped a lot lower, such as Japan, which fell 40 spots in the total consumption rankings when fish was removed.

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Agriculture

Charted: Global Wheat Production, by Country

Wheat production is largely diversified around the world, though three major producers emerge: China, India, and Russia.

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on

A cropped chart with the per country breakdown of global wheat production, based on data from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO).

Charted: 800 Million Tonnes of Wheat Production by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Global wheat production crossed 800 million tonnes in 2022, which makes it the second-most cultivated grain after corn.

From different kinds of noodles to all the varieties of breads, wheat is a staple crop for a dizzying array of diets across countries. But who grows the most and by how much?

This graphic breaks down the world’s largest wheat producers in 2022, based on data from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO).

Ranked: Global Wheat Producers in 2022

Wheat production is largely diversified around the world, though three major producers emerge: China, India, and Russia. All produce upwards of 100 million tonnes per year.

According to data from the OEC, Russia’s top export destinations for its wheat are Türkiye (35%) and Egypt (29%).

RankCountryWheat Production
(2022, Tonnes)
Region
1🇨🇳 China (mainland)138MAsia
2🇮🇳 India108MAsia
3🇷🇺 Russia104MEurope
4🇺🇸 U.S.45MAmericas
5🇦🇺 Australia36MOceania
6🇫🇷 France35MEurope
7🇨🇦 Canada34MAmericas
8🇵🇰 Pakistan26MAsia
9🇩🇪 Germany23MEurope
10🇦🇷 Argentina22MAmericas
11🇺🇦 Ukraine21MEurope
12🇹🇷 Türkiye20MAsia
13🇰🇿 Kazakhstan16MAsia
14🇬🇧 UK15MEurope
15🇵🇱 Poland13MEurope
N/A🌍 Rest of World152MOther
N/A🌐 Total808MWorld

Note: Figures are rounded.

Ukraine (21 million tonnes) is also a key wheat producer (#11) and exporter. Its outbound shipments dropped rapidly after the Russian invasion, sending food prices soaring. The Ukrainian government has since established new export routes that hug the Black Sea’s western coastline, where the waters are too shallow for attacking submarines.

Meanwhile the U.S. is the biggest wheat producer (45 million tonnes) from the Americas, ranked 5th overall. North Dakota, Kansas, Washington are some of the top producers by state.

A quick look at the list of top wheat producing countries reveals a mostly even split between Europe and Asia, two continents with wildly different weather patterns and climates.

Unlike rice, which requires hot, humid weather, wheat is a versatile crop, and grows everywhere (except Antarctica). It has the highest protein percent and the third-highest energy content of all grains. Crucially it does not require a lot of water to grow, helping it thrive in otherwise dry climates.

More From Visual Capitalist

If you enjoyed this article, check out Charted: 776 Million Tonnes of Rice Production by Country for insights into which nations lead the rice producers’ ranks.

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