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Visualizing Two Decades of Reported Hate Crimes in the U.S.

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Open the large interactive version here Two Decades of Hate Crimes in the U.S.

Open the large interactive version here Two Decades of Hate Crimes in the U.S.

Visualizing Two Decades of Reported Hate Crimes in the U.S.

Across the U.S., thousands of hate crimes are committed each year, with many different motivating biases.

In 2020 alone, more than 10,000 unique hate crime incidents were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)—and it’s likely that thousands more were committed that didn’t get reported to law enforcement.

What are the most commonly reported motivating biases, and how have hate crime rates evolved over the years? This graphic uses data from the FBI to visualize two decades of reported hate crime incidents across America.

What is Considered a Hate Crime?

Before diving in, it’s important to determine what constitutes a hate crime.

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, a hate crime is a crime that’s “committed on the basis of the victim’s perceived or actual race, color, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or disability.”

These types of crimes are a threat to society, as they have a broader impact on communities than other types of crimes do. This is because hate crimes can foster fear and intimidate large groups of people or marginalized communities, making them feel unwelcome, unsafe, or othered.

Hate Crimes on the Rise

Hate crimes have been rising across the U.S. in nearly every year since 2014. By 2020, reported crimes across America reached record-level highs not seen in over two decades.

YearNumber of Reported Incidents% Change (y-o-y)
2001973018.4%
20027485-23.1%
200375450.8%
200476851.9%
20057411-3.6%
200677154.1%
20077625-1.2%
200880395.4%
20096613-17.7%
201066330.3%
20116299-5.0%
201265944.7%
20136044-8.3%
20145599-7.4%
201558714.9%
201662766.9%
2017732116.7%
20187170-2.1%
2019789210.1%
20201029930.5%

And sadly, these figures are likely a vast undercount. Law enforcement submit this data to the FBI of their own volition, and in 2020, thousands of agencies did not submit their crime statistics.

Race-Related Hate Crimes are Most Common

Historically, the most reported hate crimes in the U.S. are related to race. In 2020, about 66% of incidents were motivated by discrimination against the victim’s race or ethnicity.

Type of BiasTotal Number of Crimes (2020)% of Total
Race/Ethnicity679366.0%
Religion162615.8%
Sexual Orientation131112.7%
Other5695.5%
Total10299--

While race is the most commonly reported hate crime, incidents related to gender and gender identity are on the rise—in 2020, there was a 9% increase in gender-related incidents, and a 34% increase in gender identity-related incidents, compared to 2019 figures.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Chart: Where Adults in Their Late Twenties Live at Home in Europe

Analyzing the share of 25–29 year olds benefitting from or contributing to household incomes reveals the countries where adults still live at home.

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A cropped chart with the % of adults aged 25–29 living with their parents, sourced from Eurostat (2023).

Where Adults in Their Late Twenties Live at Home in Europe

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

This graphic ranks European countries by the percentage share of those 25–29 years old living with their parents, as sourced from Eurostat (2023).

Importantly part of the metric tracked is “persons benefiting from or contributing to the household income.” This means that cases where adult children support aging parents are also factored into this dataset.

Where Do Europeans Adults Live With Their Parents?

In Croatia and Montenegro, nearly 80% of adults aged 25–29 adults live at home. Interestingly, in neighboring Serbia this metric drops to 69%.

RankCountry% of those aged
25–29 living with parents
1🇭🇷 Croatia79%
2🇲🇪 Montenegro*79%
3🇮🇹 Italy70%
4🇸🇰 Slovakia70%
5🇷🇸 Serbia*69%
6🇬🇷 Greece69%
7🇵🇱 Poland68%
8🇵🇹 Portugal65%
9🇪🇸 Spain64%
10🇧🇬 Bulgaria60%
11🇮🇪 Ireland56%
12🇸🇮 Slovenia55%
13🇷🇴 Romania53%
14🇨🇾 Cyprus51%
15🇲🇹 Malta49%
16🇭🇺 Hungary41%
17🇱🇺 Luxembourg40%
18🇱🇻 Latvia39%
19🇧🇪 Belgium32%
20🇨🇿 Czechia30%
21🇦🇹 Austria28%
22🇱🇹 Lithuania27%
23🇫🇷 France26%
24🇨🇭 Switzerland*24%
25🇪🇪 Estonia23%
26🇩🇪 Germany20%
27🇳🇱 Netherlands18%
28🇸🇪 Sweden10%
29🇳🇴 Norway7%
30🇫🇮 Finland5%
31🇩🇰 Denmark5%
N/A🇪🇺 EU42%

*Data from 2022.
Figures rounded. Information unavailable for Iceland, UK, North Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo, and Türkiye.

Cross-referencing this dataset with the average age Europeans move out reveals correlations. A higher average moving out age corresponds with a greater percentage share of 25–29 year old adults at home.

And the Balkan countries rank in the top few spots in both. Part of it is the economy. The Balkans generally have a per-capita GDP that is half the EU average. Local rents are expensive compared to local wages.

Adding to that, the homeownership rate in the Balkans is also the highest across Europe, indicating that children inherit the family home or move out only when they can afford to buy homes themselves.

Meanwhile, in Serbia and Montenegro, nearly half the households are “financially fragile,” indicating the level of savings is also low. In such cases moving out and renting might be seen as an unaffordable luxury.

Correspondingly, as one moves north and west across to higher per capita GDPs in Europe, the share of adults living with parents drops. In the Nordics, fewer than 10% of adults in this age bracket live with their parents.

One major exception to the rule is Ireland, where more than half of those aged 25–29 still live at home.

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