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Animation: The Global Population Over 300 Years, by Country

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Animation: The Global Population Over 300 Years, by Country

Since the 1800s, our global population has grown from 984 million people to almost 8 billion—an increase of more than 700%.

Which regions around the world have led this growth, and what’s expected for the rest of the century? This animated visualization by James Eagle shows 300 years of population growth, including historical figures as well as projections up to the year 2100.

Asia’s Current Dominance

For centuries, more than half of the world’s population has been concentrated in Asia. At certain points throughout history, the region has made up nearly 70% of the world’s population.

Here’s a look at 2021 figures, and how large each region’s population is relative to each other:

RankRegion% of Global Population (2021)
1Asia59.2%
2Africa17.9%
3Europe9.3%
4North America7.5%
5South America5.5%
6Oceania0.6%

China and India have been Asia’s largest population hubs, with China historically leading the front. In the 1950s China’s population was nearly double the size of India’s, but the gap has fluctuated over the years.

As China’s population growth continued, it was causing problems for the country as it struggled to scale up food production and infrastructure. By 1979, the Chinese government rolled out a one-child policy in an attempt to control the situation.

The program, which ended in 2016, had a number of unintended ramifications, but ultimately, it did succeed in slowing down the country’s population growth. And now, India is projected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country as early as 2023.

Africa’s Growing Piece of the Pie

Although Asia dominates the charts when it comes to overall population numbers currently, Africa’s growing population numbers are often overlooked.

While the continent’s total population is smaller than Asia’s, it will soon be home to the world’s largest working-age population, which could have a significant impact on the global economy in the years ahead.

This growth is being led by Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country. With megacities like Lagos (metro population: 21 million) and over 217 million inhabitants in total, Nigeria is projected to be the world’s third most populous country by the year 2050. Nigeria’s rapid growth is largely thanks to its high birth rate, which is nearly double the global average.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Ranked: European Countries by the Average Age Adults Move Out

The average age for adults to move out in the top seven countries—all from the same region—is either at or above 30.

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A cropped chart ranking European countries by the average age at which people leave their parental homes, as sourced from Eurostat (2023)

Ranked: European Countries by the Average Age Adults Move Out

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Leaving home and setting off to build one’s own life is considered a key pillar of adulthood in many countries. It’s the proverbial mark at which societies deem a person fit and able to architect and maintain the trajectory of their own life.

However, not all cultures and family structures are the same. And sometimes economies can influence the ability to move out.

We rank the European countries by the average age at which people leave their parental homes, as sourced from Eurostat data, current up to 2023.

When Do Europeans Leave the Nest?

Balkan countries, and Southern Europe as a whole, likes to leave the parental nest a little later in life.

The average age for moving out in seven countries—all from the region—is either at or above 30.

CountryAverage Age Leaving
Home (2023)
🇭🇷 Croatia32
🇷🇸 Serbia*32
🇸🇰 Slovakia31
🇬🇷 Greece31
🇪🇸 Spain30
🇧🇬 Bulgaria30
🇮🇹 Italy30
🇵🇹 Portugal29
🇸🇮 Slovenia29
🇲🇹 Malta28
🇹🇷 Türkiye*28
🇮🇪 Ireland28
🇷🇴 Romania28
🇨🇾 Cyprus27
🇭🇺 Hungary27
🇵🇱 Poland27
🇱🇺 Luxembourg27
🇧🇪 Belgium26
🇱🇻 Latvia26
🇨🇿 Czechia25
🇦🇹 Austria25
🇱🇹 Lithuania24
🇩🇪 Germany24
🇫🇷 France24
🇳🇱 Netherlands23
🇪🇪 Estonia23
🇩🇰 Denmark22
🇸🇪 Sweden22
🇫🇮 Finland21
🇪🇺 EU26

*Data from 2022. Figures rounded. Ages unavailable for the UK, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Kosovo.

Cultural factors (strong family bonds) and economic pressures (high rents compared to lower local wages) combine to influence higher moving out age in the region.

Another interesting correlation is how the same countries tend to have higher home ownership rates (Romania, Slovakia, and Croatia all above 90%) indicating that renting is not a popular choice for residents.

Multigenerational families are also more common across the region, a holdover from a more agricultural-oriented society, stronger Church, and weaker welfare state and institutions.

On the other hand, in Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden and Denmark, the average age of moving out is in the 21 to 22 range. Similarly, their home ownership rates are much lower in comparison.

More European Insights From Visual Capitalist

If you liked this kind of content, check out The Top Export in Each EU Country for a national breakdown into the EU’s $6 trillion export list.

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