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Mapped: Diabetes Rates by Country in 2021

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Mapping diabetes rates by country in 2021

Mapping Diabetes Rates by Country in 2021

Despite advancements in healthcare lengthening life expectancy across the world, there are still many diseases that are hard to beat. One of these growing and costly diseases is diabetes, but each country is being hit differently.

One of the leading causes of death and disability globally, over half a billion people are living with diabetes today. The World Bankโ€™s IDF Diabetes Atlas reveals that diabetes was responsible for 6.7 million deaths in 2021 alone.

In this graphic, Alberto Rojo Moro uses this World Bank Atlas to map diabetes rates by country, highlighting the countries with the highest rates of the disease.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes (also known as diabetes mellitusis) a long-lasting condition that affects how the body turns food into energy.

Normally, our bodies break down the food we consume into glucose (a sugar) and release it into our blood. When our level of blood sugar rises, insulin produced by our pancreas signals the body to use excess glucose as energy or store it for later consumption.

Diabetes restricts the pancreas from producing this life-saving insulin properly, thus causing high blood sugar levels. These high glucose levels can eventually impact the heart, kidney, and vision. There are two main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: The immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Causes are believed to be genetic and environmental.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: The body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. It is caused by a mix of lifestyle factors (including obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, and smoking) and genetics.

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form of the disease, making up between 90-95% of global cases.

Diabetes Rates by Country

With close to 33 million (31%) of its adult population suffering from diabetes, Pakistan was the country with the highest prevalence of diabetes.

RankCountry% of Diabetic Population Aged 20-79
1๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan30.8
2๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ French Polynesia25.2
3๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ Kuwait24.9
4๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท Nauru23.4
5๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จ New Caledonia23.4
6๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ Marshall Islands23.0
7๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บ Mauritius22.6
8๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Kiribati22.1
9๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Egypt20.9
10๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ American Samoa20.3
11๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ป Tuvalu20.3
12๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง Solomon Islands19.8
13๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Qatar19.5
14๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บ Guam19.1
15๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia19.0
16๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Sudan18.9
17๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia18.7
18๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ Fiji17.7
19๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผ Palau17.0
20๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico16.9
21๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ Papua New Guinea16.7
22๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช United Arab Emirates16.4
23๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ Saint Kitts and Nevis16.1
24๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Micronesia15.6
25๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บ Vanuatu15.6
26๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด Jordan15.4
27๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด Tonga15.0
28๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Syria14.9
29๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ Belize14.5
30๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey14.5
31๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ Bangladesh14.2
32๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง Barbados14.0
33๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ Oman13.8
34๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ท Puerto Rico13.3
35๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น Guatemala13.1
36๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒ Bermuda13.0
37๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พ Cayman Islands13.0
38๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ท Suriname12.7
39๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡น Trinidad and Tobago12.7
40๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Grenada12.6
41๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎ United States Virgin Islands12.4
42๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ Tanzania12.3
43๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Zambia11.9
44๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Antigua and Barbuda11.7
45๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Comoros11.7
46๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ Curacao11.7
47๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Dominica11.7
48๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พ Guyana11.7
49๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จ Saint Lucia11.7
50๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Singapore11.6
51๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ Bahrain11.3
52๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Sri Lanka11.3
53๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ Brunei11.1
54๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Jamaica11.1
55๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ Afghanistan10.9
56๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Chile10.8
57๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South Africa10.8
58๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ Iraq10.7
59๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States10.7
60๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China10.6
61๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia10.6
62๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด Dominican Republic10.5
63๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น Bhutan10.4
64๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain10.3
65๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania10.2
66๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Andorra9.7
67๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ Thailand9.7
68๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Tunisia9.6
69๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช Venezuela9.6
70๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Nicaragua9.3
71๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป Maldives9.2
72๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ Palestine9.2
73๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ Samoa9.2
74๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina9.1
75๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Iran9.1
76๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro9.1
77๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Morocco9.1
78๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal9.1
79๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia9.1
80๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Uruguay9.0
81๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น Haiti8.9
82๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธ Bahamas8.8
83๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil8.8
84๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท Costa Rica8.8
85๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌ British Virgin Islands8.7
86๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ Libya8.7
87๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Nepal8.7
88๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus8.6
89๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต North Korea8.6
90๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor8.6
91๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel8.5
92๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จ Seychelles8.5
93๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Colombia8.3
94๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ Panama8.2
95๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง Lebanon8.0
96๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta8.0
97๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines8.0
98๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Hong Kong7.8
99๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ด Macao7.8
100๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada7.7
101๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Cuba7.6
102๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ Paraguay7.5
103๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria7.4
104๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ Djibouti7.4
105๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒ San Marino7.4
106๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Cambodia7.3
107๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ Malawi7.3
108๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algeria7.1
109๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czechia7.1
110๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Myanmar7.1
111๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ Philippines7.1
112๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary7.0
113๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Uzbekistan7.0
114๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany6.9
115๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ Mongolia6.9
116๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland6.8
117๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea6.8
118๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Namibia6.7
119๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ Turkmenistan6.7
120๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan6.6
121๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Kazakhstan6.6
122๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Kyrgyzstan6.6
123๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ Tajikistan6.6
124๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ Burundi6.5
125๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท Eritrea6.5
126๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia6.5
127๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania6.5
128๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ Rwanda6.5
129๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด Somalia6.5
130๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ South Sudan6.5
131๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia6.4
132๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece6.4
133๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy6.4
134๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป El Salvador6.3
135๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Isle of Man6.3
136๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom6.3
137๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Laos6.2
138๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จ Monaco6.2
139๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand6.2
140๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland6.1
141๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein6.1
142๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia6.1
143๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Vietnam6.1
144๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia5.9
145๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg5.9
146๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ Central African Republic5.8
147๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ Chad5.8
148๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Democratic Republic of Congo5.8
149๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania5.8
150๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia5.8
151๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช Georgia5.7
152๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Armenia5.6
153๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Azerbaijan5.6
154๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus5.6
155๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova5.6
156๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia5.6
157๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine5.6
158๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด Bolivia5.5
159๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Cameroon5.5
160๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Congo5.5
161๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถ Equatorial Guinea5.5
162๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Gabon5.5
163๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland5.5
164๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น Sao Tome and Principe5.5
165๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina5.4
166๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Yemen5.4
167๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark5.3
168๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France5.3
169๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผ Botswana5.3
170๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Niger5.2
171๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ Honduras5.1
172๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น Ethiopia5.0
173๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden5.0
174๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia4.8
175๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Peru4.8
176๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ด Angola4.6
177๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria4.6
178๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Eswatini4.6
179๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธ Lesotho4.6
180๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Madagascar4.6
181๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland4.6
182๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Uganda4.6
183๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands4.5
184๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Ecuador4.4
185๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผ Aruba4.3
186๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช Kenya4.0
187๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ด Faroe Islands3.8
188๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium3.6
189๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Nigeria3.6
190๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway3.6
191๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Greenland3.3
192๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Mozambique3.3
193๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ Senegal3.1
194๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland3.0
195๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญ Ghana2.6
196๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ Burkina Faso2.1
197๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป Cape Verde2.1
198๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Cote d'Ivoire2.1
199๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณ Guinea2.1
200๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Guinea-Bissau2.1
201๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท Liberia2.1
202๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Mali2.1
203๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท Mauritania2.1
204๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Sierra Leone2.1
205๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ Togo2.1
206๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ Zimbabwe2.1
207๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Gambia1.9
208๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ Benin1.1

The situation in Pakistan is currently not expected to improve in the near future. By 2045, the country is estimated to have 62 million people suffering from diabetes due to numerous reasons including malnutrition.

This chronic disease has also reached alarming levels in many Oceanic island countries and territories, including French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and American Samoa. Each has a diabetic prevalence above 20%, with reasons ranging from malnutrition to obesity.

Meanwhile, African nations like Benin and The Gambia recorded the lowest prevalence of diabetes in the world. In 2021, African countries had a combined total of 23.6 million adults with diabetes, less than 2% of the continent’s population. However, this number is predicted to double to 55 million by 2045.

Most Diabetic Countries in Absolute Terms

In China, diabetes was prevalent in 10.6% of the nationโ€™s adult population in 2021. While this only puts the country in 60th place in terms of prevalence rate, this is equivalent to roughly 140 million adults with diabetes because of the country’s large population.

Similarly, India’s 9.6% prevalence of diabetes equaled 77 million adults suffering from the disease in the country, more than double the number of Pakistanโ€™s diabetic citizens.

A similar story follows in the Americas, where Mexico has the highest adult prevalence of diabetes at 16.9% or 14.1 million people. Though the U.S. has a lower rate at 10.7%, its higher population gives it an estimated 32.2 million adults with diabetes.

Breaking down diabetes rates by country highlights that this a global health challenge. To address the growing burden of diabetes, we need to focus on prevention, early detection, and management of diabetes.

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Personal Finance

Ranked: The Best U.S. States for Retirement

Getting ready for retirement? See which states score the highest in terms of affordability, quality of life, and health care.

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Ranked: The Best U.S. States for Retirement

What is the most important aspect of retirement planning?

If you said finances, you’re probably right. But have you ever thought about where the best place is to retire? Being strategic about location can make a big impact on your quality of life, and perhaps help your savings go just a bit further.

To help break it down, weโ€™ve visualized data from personal finance platform, WalletHub, which ranked the best U.S. states for retirement as of 2023.

Data and Methodology

WalletHub ranked each state using 47 metrics across three dimensions.

  • Affordability (7 metrics worth 40 points)
  • Quality of Life (22 metrics worth 30 points)
  • Health Care (18 metrics worth 30 points)

Here are some examples of what each dimension measures:

  • Affordability: Cost of living and taxation
  • Quality of Life: Quality of elder-abuse protections and crime rates
  • Health Care: Number of health professionals per capita and life expectancy

Visit the source for the full list of metrics.

The final scores (visualized as the bars in the infographic above) represent each stateโ€™s weighted average across all metrics. See below for more comprehensive results.

RankStateScoreAffordability
(rank)
Quality of Life
(rank)
Health Care
(rank)
1Virginia57.6161111
2TFlorida57.49428
2TColorado57.414275
4Wyoming55.65938
5Delaware55.563318
6New Hampshire55.03157
7South Dakota53.625309
8Minnesota53.54021
9Idaho53.2151731
10North Dakota53.0222520
11Utah52.7202426
12North Carolina52.6122335
13Missouri52.4172832
14Pennsylvania52.336312
15TMontana52.1241529
15TSouth Carolina52.143839
17Massachusetts51.94712
18California51.6321910
19Alaska51.326368
20Arizona51.1183525
21Wisconsin50.9341417
22Alabama50.714450
23Ohio49.827837
24Hawaii49.738294
25Nebraska49.3371615
26Iowa48.9351224
27Georgia48.674042
28Michigan48.0291836
29TMaine47.543613
29TNew Mexico47.5214630
31Indiana47.3233140
32TNevada47.2114241
32TTennessee47.224845
34TVermont47.14876
34TConnecticut47.144263
36Kansas46.8303233
37West Virginia46.434349
38Oregon46.1412121
39Texas45.9283734
40Rhode Island45.0393914
41Arkansas44.784944
42Maryland44.6462019
43Washington44.5451323
44Illinois44.3422227
45Louisiana43.9134547
46New York43.7501016
47Oklahoma43.6194743
48Mississippi40.8105048
49New Jersey40.2493422
50Kentucky38.8334146

According to this methodology, Virginia is currently the best state for retirement. Although the Southeastern state does not excel in any one dimension, it scores consistently well across all three to create a very balanced retirement profile.

This gives it a slight advantage over second place Florida, which excels in quality of life and affordability, but falls further behind in terms of health care. Third-placed Colorado is a mirror of Florida, offering excellent health care but a lower quality of life in comparison.

How to Interpret These Results

Itโ€™s important to remember that this ranking is purely based on data and the methodology above, and may not be tailored to your individual preferences.

For example, if you believe that health services will be very important during retirement, you may rank Minnesota (#1 in terms of health care) much higher than eighth place.

You may notice that prioritizing one dimension will often come at a trade-off in others. Looking at Minnesota once more, we can see that the state is also one of America’s most expensive.

Looking to retire outside of the U.S.? Check out this graphic on the top 25 countries to retire in.

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