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Mapped: Diabetes Rates by Country in 2021

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Mapping diabetes rates by country in 2021

Mapping Diabetes Rates by Country in 2021

Despite advancements in healthcare lengthening life expectancy across the world, there are still many diseases that are hard to beat. One of these growing and costly diseases is diabetes, but each country is being hit differently.

One of the leading causes of death and disability globally, over half a billion people are living with diabetes today. The World Bank’s IDF Diabetes Atlas reveals that diabetes was responsible for 6.7 million deaths in 2021 alone.

In this graphic, Alberto Rojo Moro uses this World Bank Atlas to map diabetes rates by country, highlighting the countries with the highest rates of the disease.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes (also known as diabetes mellitusis) a long-lasting condition that affects how the body turns food into energy.

Normally, our bodies break down the food we consume into glucose (a sugar) and release it into our blood. When our level of blood sugar rises, insulin produced by our pancreas signals the body to use excess glucose as energy or store it for later consumption.

Diabetes restricts the pancreas from producing this life-saving insulin properly, thus causing high blood sugar levels. These high glucose levels can eventually impact the heart, kidney, and vision. There are two main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: The immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Causes are believed to be genetic and environmental.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: The body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. It is caused by a mix of lifestyle factors (including obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, and smoking) and genetics.

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form of the disease, making up between 90-95% of global cases.

Diabetes Rates by Country

With close to 33 million (31%) of its adult population suffering from diabetes, Pakistan was the country with the highest prevalence of diabetes.

RankCountry% of Diabetic Population Aged 20-79
1🇵🇰 Pakistan30.8
2🇵🇫 French Polynesia25.2
3🇰🇼 Kuwait24.9
4🇳🇷 Nauru23.4
5🇳🇨 New Caledonia23.4
6🇲🇭 Marshall Islands23.0
7🇲🇺 Mauritius22.6
8🇰🇮 Kiribati22.1
9🇪🇬 Egypt20.9
10🇦🇸 American Samoa20.3
11🇹🇻 Tuvalu20.3
12🇸🇧 Solomon Islands19.8
13🇶🇦 Qatar19.5
14🇬🇺 Guam19.1
15🇲🇾 Malaysia19.0
16🇸🇩 Sudan18.9
17🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia18.7
18🇫🇯 Fiji17.7
19🇵🇼 Palau17.0
20🇲🇽 Mexico16.9
21🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea16.7
22🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates16.4
23🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis16.1
24🇫🇲 Micronesia15.6
25🇻🇺 Vanuatu15.6
26🇯🇴 Jordan15.4
27🇹🇴 Tonga15.0
28🇸🇾 Syria14.9
29🇧🇿 Belize14.5
30🇹🇷 Turkey14.5
31🇧🇩 Bangladesh14.2
32🇧🇧 Barbados14.0
33🇴🇲 Oman13.8
34🇵🇷 Puerto Rico13.3
35🇬🇹 Guatemala13.1
36🇧🇲 Bermuda13.0
37🇰🇾 Cayman Islands13.0
38🇸🇷 Suriname12.7
39🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago12.7
40🇬🇩 Grenada12.6
41🇻🇮 United States Virgin Islands12.4
42🇹🇿 Tanzania12.3
43🇿🇲 Zambia11.9
44🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda11.7
45🇰🇲 Comoros11.7
46🇨🇼 Curacao11.7
47🇩🇲 Dominica11.7
48🇬🇾 Guyana11.7
49🇱🇨 Saint Lucia11.7
50🇸🇬 Singapore11.6
51🇧🇭 Bahrain11.3
52🇱🇰 Sri Lanka11.3
53🇧🇳 Brunei11.1
54🇯🇲 Jamaica11.1
55🇦🇫 Afghanistan10.9
56🇨🇱 Chile10.8
57🇿🇦 South Africa10.8
58🇮🇶 Iraq10.7
59🇺🇸 United States10.7
60🇨🇳 China10.6
61🇮🇩 Indonesia10.6
62🇩🇴 Dominican Republic10.5
63🇧🇹 Bhutan10.4
64🇪🇸 Spain10.3
65🇦🇱 Albania10.2
66🇦🇩 Andorra9.7
67🇹🇭 Thailand9.7
68🇹🇳 Tunisia9.6
69🇻🇪 Venezuela9.6
70🇳🇮 Nicaragua9.3
71🇲🇻 Maldives9.2
72🇵🇸 Palestine9.2
73🇼🇸 Samoa9.2
74🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina9.1
75🇮🇷 Iran9.1
76🇲🇪 Montenegro9.1
77🇲🇦 Morocco9.1
78🇵🇹 Portugal9.1
79🇷🇸 Serbia9.1
80🇺🇾 Uruguay9.0
81🇭🇹 Haiti8.9
82🇧🇸 Bahamas8.8
83🇧🇷 Brazil8.8
84🇨🇷 Costa Rica8.8
85🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands8.7
86🇱🇾 Libya8.7
87🇳🇵 Nepal8.7
88🇨🇾 Cyprus8.6
89🇰🇵 North Korea8.6
90🇹🇱 Timor8.6
91🇮🇱 Israel8.5
92🇸🇨 Seychelles8.5
93🇨🇴 Colombia8.3
94🇵🇦 Panama8.2
95🇱🇧 Lebanon8.0
96🇲🇹 Malta8.0
97🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines8.0
98🇭🇰 Hong Kong7.8
99🇲🇴 Macao7.8
100🇨🇦 Canada7.7
101🇨🇺 Cuba7.6
102🇵🇾 Paraguay7.5
103🇧🇬 Bulgaria7.4
104🇩🇯 Djibouti7.4
105🇸🇲 San Marino7.4
106🇰🇭 Cambodia7.3
107🇲🇼 Malawi7.3
108🇩🇿 Algeria7.1
109🇨🇿 Czechia7.1
110🇲🇲 Myanmar7.1
111🇵🇭 Philippines7.1
112🇭🇺 Hungary7.0
113🇺🇿 Uzbekistan7.0
114🇩🇪 Germany6.9
115🇲🇳 Mongolia6.9
116🇵🇱 Poland6.8
117🇰🇷 South Korea6.8
118🇳🇦 Namibia6.7
119🇹🇲 Turkmenistan6.7
120🇯🇵 Japan6.6
121🇰🇿 Kazakhstan6.6
122🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan6.6
123🇹🇯 Tajikistan6.6
124🇧🇮 Burundi6.5
125🇪🇷 Eritrea6.5
126🇪🇪 Estonia6.5
127🇷🇴 Romania6.5
128🇷🇼 Rwanda6.5
129🇸🇴 Somalia6.5
130🇸🇸 South Sudan6.5
131🇦🇺 Australia6.4
132🇬🇷 Greece6.4
133🇮🇹 Italy6.4
134🇸🇻 El Salvador6.3
135🇮🇲 Isle of Man6.3
136🇬🇧 United Kingdom6.3
137🇱🇦 Laos6.2
138🇲🇨 Monaco6.2
139🇳🇿 New Zealand6.2
140🇫🇮 Finland6.1
141🇱🇮 Liechtenstein6.1
142🇲🇰 North Macedonia6.1
143🇻🇳 Vietnam6.1
144🇱🇻 Latvia5.9
145🇱🇺 Luxembourg5.9
146🇨🇫 Central African Republic5.8
147🇹🇩 Chad5.8
148🇨🇩 Democratic Republic of Congo5.8
149🇱🇹 Lithuania5.8
150🇸🇰 Slovakia5.8
151🇬🇪 Georgia5.7
152🇦🇲 Armenia5.6
153🇦🇿 Azerbaijan5.6
154🇧🇾 Belarus5.6
155🇲🇩 Moldova5.6
156🇷🇺 Russia5.6
157🇺🇦 Ukraine5.6
158🇧🇴 Bolivia5.5
159🇨🇲 Cameroon5.5
160🇨🇬 Congo5.5
161🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea5.5
162🇬🇦 Gabon5.5
163🇮🇸 Iceland5.5
164🇸🇹 Sao Tome and Principe5.5
165🇦🇷 Argentina5.4
166🇾🇪 Yemen5.4
167🇩🇰 Denmark5.3
168🇫🇷 France5.3
169🇧🇼 Botswana5.3
170🇳🇪 Niger5.2
171🇭🇳 Honduras5.1
172🇪🇹 Ethiopia5.0
173🇸🇪 Sweden5.0
174🇭🇷 Croatia4.8
175🇵🇪 Peru4.8
176🇦🇴 Angola4.6
177🇦🇹 Austria4.6
178🇸🇿 Eswatini4.6
179🇱🇸 Lesotho4.6
180🇲🇬 Madagascar4.6
181🇨🇭 Switzerland4.6
182🇺🇬 Uganda4.6
183🇳🇱 Netherlands4.5
184🇪🇨 Ecuador4.4
185🇦🇼 Aruba4.3
186🇰🇪 Kenya4.0
187🇫🇴 Faroe Islands3.8
188🇧🇪 Belgium3.6
189🇳🇬 Nigeria3.6
190🇳🇴 Norway3.6
191🇬🇱 Greenland3.3
192🇲🇿 Mozambique3.3
193🇸🇳 Senegal3.1
194🇮🇪 Ireland3.0
195🇬🇭 Ghana2.6
196🇧🇫 Burkina Faso2.1
197🇨🇻 Cape Verde2.1
198🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire2.1
199🇬🇳 Guinea2.1
200🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau2.1
201🇱🇷 Liberia2.1
202🇲🇱 Mali2.1
203🇲🇷 Mauritania2.1
204🇸🇱 Sierra Leone2.1
205🇹🇬 Togo2.1
206🇿🇼 Zimbabwe2.1
207🇬🇲 Gambia1.9
208🇧🇯 Benin1.1

The situation in Pakistan is currently not expected to improve in the near future. By 2045, the country is estimated to have 62 million people suffering from diabetes due to numerous reasons including malnutrition.

This chronic disease has also reached alarming levels in many Oceanic island countries and territories, including French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and American Samoa. Each has a diabetic prevalence above 20%, with reasons ranging from malnutrition to obesity.

Meanwhile, African nations like Benin and The Gambia recorded the lowest prevalence of diabetes in the world. In 2021, African countries had a combined total of 23.6 million adults with diabetes, less than 2% of the continent’s population. However, this number is predicted to double to 55 million by 2045.

Most Diabetic Countries in Absolute Terms

In China, diabetes was prevalent in 10.6% of the nation’s adult population in 2021. While this only puts the country in 60th place in terms of prevalence rate, this is equivalent to roughly 140 million adults with diabetes because of the country’s large population.

Similarly, India’s 9.6% prevalence of diabetes equaled 77 million adults suffering from the disease in the country, more than double the number of Pakistan’s diabetic citizens.

A similar story follows in the Americas, where Mexico has the highest adult prevalence of diabetes at 16.9% or 14.1 million people. Though the U.S. has a lower rate at 10.7%, its higher population gives it an estimated 32.2 million adults with diabetes.

Breaking down diabetes rates by country highlights that this a global health challenge. To address the growing burden of diabetes, we need to focus on prevention, early detection, and management of diabetes.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Demographics

Population Projections: The World’s 6 Largest Countries in 2075

See how the world’s 6 largest countries will grow (or shrink) by 2075, based on the latest UN population projections.

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A cropped chart with the population projections for the world's six most populous countries until 2075.

Population Projections for the World’s 6 Largest Countries

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on Apple or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The end of the 21st century will see the first plateauing (and eventually shrinking) of world population since the Industrial Revolution. As birth rates fall across the globe, what does this mean for the world’s most populous countries?

To find out, we visualized forecasts for the world’s six largest countries using data from the latest revised version of the UN World Population Prospects 2022.

Projections are based on a “medium fertility scenario”, which assumes countries will converge at a birth rate of 1.85 children per woman, by 2045-2050.

China’s Projected Population Decline

China’s population boom has officially come to an end, with the country reporting two consecutive years of decreases (down 850,000 in 2022, and 2.1 million in 2023).

Year🇨🇳 China🇺🇸 U.S.🇮🇩 Indonesia
1970812M199M114M
1980975M222M146M
19901,144M246M181M
20001,260M281M213M
20101,344M310M242M
20201,424M335M271M
2030E1,417M351M291M
2040E1,380M366M308M
2050E1,317M375M317M
2060E1,211M381M319M
2070E1,091M387M318M
2075E1,035M389M316M

Note: Figures are rounded.

The country’s population in 2050 is forecasted to be 1.32 billion, which is roughly the same as it was in 2007. The UN believes this demographic downtrend will accelerate as we enter the second half of the century.

What does this mean for the Chinese economy? Many worry that a smaller workforce, coupled with an aging population, will increase healthcare expenditures and hamper economic growth.

India’s Population Boom Continues

Meanwhile, the UN believes that India’s population will peak somewhere in the mid 2060s, just shy of the 1.7 billion mark.

India’s population will not age as quickly as its neighbor. Those over the age of 65 will represent less than one-fifth of the population until 2060, and their share of India’s total number of people and will not approach 30% until 2100.

Year🇮🇳 India🇵🇰 Pakistan🇳🇬 Nigeria
1970551M58M55M
1980689M79M72M
1990861M114M94M
20001,050M152M121M
20101,232M192M159M
20201,390M225M206M
2030E1,509M272M260M
2040E1,608M320M318M
2050E1,668M366M375M
2060E1,695M406M427M
2070E1,691M439M472M
2075E1,678M452M491M

Note: Figures are rounded.

Finally, whether these predictions come true or not will depend on how quickly birth rates fall as the country develops. For example, India’s fertility rate fell from 6.2 in 1950, to 2.0 in 2021 (births per woman).

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