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Countries with the Biggest Gender Disparities in their Workforces

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A chart ranking the biggest gender disparities in male and female labor force participation rates around the world.

Countries with the Biggest Gender Disparities in Workforces

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

This graphic ranks the countries with the biggest gender disparities in their labor forces by contrasting the average male and female labor force participation rate and measuring the gap between them.

Data for this graphic is sourced from the World Bank, which aggregates 2023 International Labour Organization estimates.

ℹ️ A country’s labor force includes people aged 15+ who are working or actively looking for work in exchange for pay, profit, or shared production. Unpaid workers, family caretakers, students, and military personnel may be excluded from this count.

Ranked: Differences in Male and Female Labor Participation Rates

The top 10 countries with the highest discrepancies between male and female labor participation rates are Islamic nations:

RankCountryMale Labor Force
Participation Rate (%)
Female Labor Force
Participation Rate (%)
Gender Disparity
(In percentage points)
1🇦🇫 Afghanistan69564
2🇮🇶 Iraq721161
3🇵🇰 Pakistan812557
4🇴🇲 Oman883256
5🇮🇷 Iran711456
6🇾🇪 Yemen60555
7🇪🇬 Egypt711755
8🇩🇿 Algeria671750
9🇸🇾 Syria641450
10🇯🇴 Jordan631449
11🇲🇦 Morocco682049
12🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia803545
13🇮🇳 India773344
14🇧🇩 Bangladesh803743
15🇧🇭 Bahrain874443
16🇹🇳 Tunisia692742
17🇬🇹 Guatemala814140
18🇸🇩 Sudan682840
19🇱🇰 Sri Lanka723240
20🇰🇼 Kuwait864838
N/A🌍 World734924

Note: Figures rounded and based on International Labour Organization’s estimates as of 2023.

In countries such as Pakistan, Oman, and Saudi Arabia, the male labor force participation rates are higher than the global average. Meanwhile the female participation rates are 50+ percentage points lower than the corresponding male rates, and 15-25 points below the global female average.

For the other countries in the top 10 by labor participation rate differential, the average male participation rate is also below the global average. This could indicate a lack of general economic opportunities with the nation.

Finally, India (#13), Guatemala (#17) and Sri Lanka (#19) are three countries in the top 20 with a non-Islamic majority population.

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Globalization

Charted: Countries Offering Digital Nomad Visas

Mexico and El Salvador offer the longest visa for digital nomads.

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This bar chart shows all the countries that offer digital nomad visas as of May 2024.

Charted: Countries Offering Digital Nomad Visas

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

A digital nomad visa allows individuals to live and work remotely in a foreign country for an extended period, usually six months to a year. It’s often accessible to self-employed or remote workers employed by entities outside the host country.

This graphic shows the countries that offer digital nomad visas as of May 2024. The data comes from various visa programs around the world and was compiled by CNBC.

Dozens of Options to Work Abroad

Over 40 countries offer digital nomad visas.

Mexico and El Salvador offer the longest visas, with a duration of four years. In El Salvador, however, the worker has to apply for an extension to obtain the maximum length of stay.

CountryRegionMax Length of Stay (months)
🇸🇻 El SalvadorAmericas48
🇲🇽 MexicoAmericas48
🇨🇾 CyprusEurope36
🇬🇷 GreeceEurope36
🇦🇬 Antigua and BarbudaAmericas24
🇨🇷 Costa RicaAmericas24
🇨🇴 ColombiaAmericas24
🇪🇨 EcuadorAmericas24
🇭🇺 HungaryEurope24
🇱🇻 LatviaEurope24
🇳🇴 NorwayEurope24
🇷🇴 RomaniaEurope24
🇩🇲 DominicaAmericas18
🇵🇦 PanamaAmericas18
🇭🇷 CroatiaEurope18
🇦🇮 AnguillaAmericas12
🇧🇸 The BahamasAmericas12
🇧🇧 BarbadosAmericas12
🇧🇲 BermudaAmericas12
🇧🇷 BrazilAmericas12
🇨🇼 CuraçaoAmericas12
🇬🇩 GrenadaAmericas12
🇲🇸 MontserratAmericas12
🇱🇨 Saint LuciaAmericas12
🇺🇾 UruguayAmericas12
🇦🇱 AlbaniaEurope12
🇨🇿 Czech RepublicEurope12
🇪🇪 EstoniaEurope12
🇬🇪 GeorgiaEurope12
🇮🇹 ItalyEurope12
🇲🇹 MaltaEurope12
🇵🇹 PortugalEurope12
🇪🇸 SpainEurope12
🇲🇾 MalaysiaMiddle East and Asia12
🇰🇷 South KoreaMiddle East and Asia12
🇹🇷 TürkiyeMiddle East and Asia12
🇦🇪 United Arab EmiratesAfrica12
🇨🇻 Cape VerdeAfrica12
🇧🇿 BelizeAmericas6
🇨🇦 CanadaAmericas6
🇮🇸 IcelandEurope6
🇲🇺 MauritiusAfrica6
🇸🇨 SeychellesAfrica6
🇳🇦 NamibiaAfrica6

Iceland, with a minimum income requirement of $85,000 per individual per year, and Belize, with a requirement of $75,000 per individual per year, have the highest minimum income requirements for digital nomads.

The most common length of stay is one year. This range includes sunny locations like The Bahamas and Bermuda, as well as countries with large economies like Italy and Brazil.

Many countries, like South Korea, Spain, and Portugal, offer a shorter period of stay (one year or less) but allow workers to renew their visas.

If you enjoyed this post, check out Ranked: The Cities with the Best Work-Life Balance in the World. This graphic lists the top cities in the world that encourage work-life balance.

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