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Which Countries Have the Most and Least Women in the Workforce?



See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A map and ranking of countries with the highest and lowest percentage of women in the workforce.

Countries With the Most and Least Women in the Workforce

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

This map shows the top and bottom 10 countries by the percentage of their women population (aged 15+) in the labor force. This is also called the female workforce participation rate.

Data for this graphic is sourced from the World Bank, which aggregates International Labour Organization estimates from 2023.

ℹ️ A country’s labor force includes people aged 15+ who are working or actively looking for work in exchange for pay, profit, or shared production. Unpaid workers, family caretakers, students, and military personnel (depending on the country) may be excluded from this count.

Ranked: Countries By Rate of Women in the Workforce

Madagascar, Burundi, and Mozambique have some of the highest women workforce participation rates in the world (near 80%).

Here’s a full ranking of countries by their female workforce participation rate.

RankCountryFemale Labor
Force Participation
Rate (2023)
1🇲🇬 Madagascar83%
2🇸🇧 Solomon Islands83%
3🇧🇮 Burundi79%
4🇲🇿 Mozambique78%
5🇹🇿 Tanzania77%
6🇪🇹 Ethiopia75%
7🇦🇴 Angola73%
8🇱🇷 Liberia72%
9🇰🇪 Kenya72%
10🇲🇩 Moldova72%
11🇪🇷 Eritrea71%
12🇸🇸 South Sudan70%
13🇮🇸 Iceland70%
14🇰🇵 North Korea70%
15🇰🇭 Cambodia70%
16🇻🇳 Viet Nam69%
17🇳🇿 New Zealand68%
18🇺🇬 Uganda68%
19🇦🇿 Azerbaijan67%
20🇨🇲 Cameroon67%
21🇨🇩 Congo67%
22🇵🇪 Peru66%
23🇧🇸 Bahamas65%
24🇬🇭 Ghana65%
25🇧🇹 Bhutan65%
26🇶🇦 Qatar64%
27🇲🇼 Malawi64%
28🇨🇫 Central African Republic63%
29🇸🇪 Sweden63%
30🇰🇿 Kazakhstan63%
31🇲🇴 Macao63%
32🇨🇩 DRC63%
33🇱🇨 St. Lucia63%
34🇳🇪 Niger62%
35🇳🇴 Norway62%
36🇳🇱 Netherlands62%
37🇸🇬 Singapore62%
38🇦🇺 Australia62%
39🇯🇲 Jamaica61%
40🇨🇭 Switzerland61%
41🇨🇦 Canada61%
42🇪🇪 Estonia61%
43🇹🇱 Timor-Leste61%
44🇭🇹 Haiti61%
45🇮🇱 Israel61%
46🇻🇺 Vanuatu61%
47🇨🇳 China61%
48🇿🇼 Zimbabwe60%
49🇨🇾 Cyprus60%
50🇧🇴 Bolivia60%
51🇧🇼 Botswana60%
52🇮🇪 Ireland60%
53🇩🇰 Denmark60%
54🇵🇾 Paraguay60%
55🇧🇾 Belarus59%
56🇹🇭 Thailand59%
57🇧🇧 Barbados59%
58🇬🇧 UK58%
59🇱🇺 Luxembourg58%
60🇫🇮 Finland58%
61🇧🇫 Burkina Faso58%
62🇱🇸 Lesotho58%
63🇱🇹 Lithuania57%
64🇲🇹 Malta57%
65🇦🇹 Austria57%
66🇧🇯 Benin57%
67🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire57%
68🇺🇸 U.S.57%
69🇩🇪 Germany56%
70🇬🇲 Gambia56%
71🇬🇺 Guam56%
72🇸🇰 Slovakia56%
73🇹🇬 Togo56%
74🇦🇲 Armenia56%
75🇱🇦 Laos56%
76🇰🇷 South Korea56%
77🇳🇦 Namibia56%
78🇺🇾 Uruguay56%
79🇱🇻 Latvia56%
80🇧🇳 Brunei55%
81🇦🇪 UAE55%
82🇵🇹 Portugal55%
83🇷🇼 Rwanda55%
84🇻🇨 St. Vincent & the Grenadines55%
85🇯🇵 Japan55%
86🇷🇺 Russia55%
87🇬🇪 Georgia54%
88🇭🇺 Hungary54%
89🇸🇮 Slovenia54%
90🇰🇬 Kyrgyz Republic54%
91🇮🇩 Indonesia53%
92🇪🇨 Ecuador53%
93🇧🇷 Brazil53%
94🇦🇱 Albania53%
95🇫🇷 France53%
96🇲🇳 Mongolia53%
97🇳🇨 New Caledonia53%
98🇪🇸 Spain53%
99🇿🇦 South Africa52%
100🇭🇰 Hong Kong52%
101🇳🇬 Nigeria52%
102🇿🇲 Zambia52%
103🇨🇿 Czechia52%
104🇨🇱 Chile52%
105🇩🇴 Dominican Republic52%
106🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea52%
107🇲🇾 Malaysia52%
108🇲🇱 Mali52%
109🇵🇱 Poland52%
110🇸🇱 Sierra Leone52%
111🇨🇴 Colombia51%
112🇨🇻 Cabo Verde51%
113🇬🇬 Channel Islands51%
114🇷🇸 Serbia51%
115🇦🇷 Argentina51%
116🇧🇪 Belgium51%
117🇵🇦 Panama50%
118🇧🇿 Belize50%
119🇧🇬 Bulgaria50%
120🇭🇳 Honduras50%
121🇵🇫 French Polynesia49%
122🇲🇪 Montenegro49%
123🇳🇮 Nicaragua49%
124🇹🇲 Turkmenistan49%
125🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau49%
126🇹🇩 Chad49%
127🇭🇷 Croatia48%
128🇰🇼 Kuwait48%
129🇸🇿 Eswatini47%
130🇵🇭 Philippines47%
131🇲🇽 Mexico47%
132🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea46%
133🇸🇻 El Salvador46%
134🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago46%
135🇬🇷 Greece45%
136🇻🇮 U.S. Virgin Islands45%
137🇨🇷 Costa Rica45%
138🇸🇷 Suriname45%
139🇧🇭 Bahrain44%
140🇲🇺 Mauritius43%
141🇹🇴 Tonga43%
142🇲🇻 Maldives43%
143🇲🇰 North Macedonia43%
144🇬🇳 Guinea42%
145🇷🇴 Romania42%
146🇨🇺 Cuba42%
147🇲🇲 Myanmar42%
148🇼🇸 Samoa41%
149🇮🇹 Italy41%
150🇬🇹 Guatemala41%
151🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina41%
152🇬🇦 Gabon40%
153🇺🇿 Uzbekistan40%
154🇬🇾 Guyana40%
155🇻🇪 Venezuela39%
156🇫🇯 Fiji39%
157🇸🇹 Sao Tome & Principe38%
158🇸🇳 Senegal38%
159🇧🇩 Bangladesh37%
160🇹🇷 Türkiye35%
161🇱🇾 Libya35%
162🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia35%
163🇰🇲 Comoros33%
164🇮🇳 India33%
165🇱🇰 Sri Lanka32%
166🇴🇲 Oman32%
167🇵🇷 Puerto Rico32%
168🇹🇯 Tajikistan32%
169🇳🇵 Nepal29%
170🇸🇩 Sudan28%
171🇱🇧 Lebanon28%
172🇹🇳 Tunisia27%
173🇲🇷 Mauritania26%
174🇵🇰 Pakistan25%
175🇸🇴 Somalia21%
176🇲🇦 Morocco20%
177🇩🇯 Djibouti19%
178🇩🇿 Algeria17%
179🇪🇬 Egypt17%
180🇸🇾 Syria14%
181🇯🇴 Jordan14%
182🇮🇷 Iran14%
183🇮🇶 Iraq11%
184🇾🇪 Yemen5%
185🇦🇫 Afghanistan5%

Note: Figures rounded and based on International Labour Organization’s estimates as of 2023.

On the other hand, Afghanistan and Yemen are currently estimated to have the lowest percentage of working-aged women in their workforce at 5%.

By glancing through the bottom 20, it’s apparent that countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia exhibit notably lower rates of women in the workforce.

As Our World in Data points out, female labor force participation peaks in some of the richest and poorest countries in the world. But is lowest in countries with average national incomes.

More people in the workforce can contribute to economic growth and productivity. As women make up roughly half the population, their participation can be a major driver of economic expansion.

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Mapped: 15 Countries with the Highest Smoking Rates

Since the 1950s, many countries have tried to discourage tobacco use and bring down smoking rates. Here’s where they haven’t worked.



A cropped map with the 15 countries with the highest smoking rates in the world.

Mapped: 15 Countries with the Highest Smoking Rates

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

It was not until 1950 when the link between smoking and lung cancer was proven, though physicians as far back as the late 19th century had identified it as a potential cause.

Since then, many countries have discouraged tobacco products in an attempt to reduce smoking rates, and consequent health effects.

We visualize the countries with the highest rates of tobacco use among their population aged 15 and older. Data is sourced from the World Health Organization, and is current up to 2022.

Which Countries Smoke the Most?

In Nauru, nearly half of the population aged 15+ uses a tobacco product, the highest in the world. The island also has a high obesity rate, and nearly one-third of the population suffers from diabetes, due to poor nutritional variety in the food supply.

Here’s a list of smoking rates by country, ranked from highest to lowest.

RankCountryTobacco use in
those aged 15+
1🇳🇷 Nauru48%
2🇲🇲 Myanmar44%
3🇰🇮 Kiribati40%
4🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea40%
5🇧🇬 Bulgaria40%
6🇷🇸 Serbia40%
7🇹🇱 Timor-Leste39%
8🇮🇩 Indonesia38%
9🇭🇷 Croatia37%
10🇸🇧 Solomon Islands37%
11🇦🇩 Andorra36%
12🇧🇦 Bosnia &
13🇨🇾 Cyprus36%
14🇯🇴 Jordan36%
15🇫🇷 France35%
N/A🌍 World23%

Note: Figures rounded. “Tobacco use” includes smoke and smokeless products.

Meanwhile, countries in the Balkan also see a high incidence of tobacco use, bucking the general European trend. Entrenched cultural norms, lax laws, and inexpensive cigarettes are some of the most commonly identified causes.

On the other hand, tobacco use is a lot lower in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa.

In the U.S., fewer than one in four adults smoke. Canada is even lower at 12% of the population. But some African countries (Nigeria and Ghana) are all the way down in the single-digits, at 3%.

Interestingly, men smoke more than women in nearly every country in the world.

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