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Ranked: The Countries Most Dependent on Agricultural Exports



See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A chart of countries whose agricultural products make up more than 75% of their exports, along with their top agricultural export.

Ranked: The Countries Most Dependent on Agricultural Exports

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Between 2019 and 2021, agricultural products accounted for more than one-third of the total value of global commodity exports. This graphic ranks the most agriculturally-export-dependent countries in the world, using data from UN Trade & Development (UNCTAD).

For this graphic we have only included countries where agricultural products represent more than 75% of its total exports. Resource dependency can make a country vulnerable to economic shocks via price fluctuations.

Ranked: Countries that Rely Heavily on Agricultural Exports

In Micronesia, a staggering 98% of all its exports are agricultural, of which 89% are fish in various forms. In fact, five of the top 10 countries are small island nations in the Pacific. Four of them also have fish as their top agricultural export.

Below is a more extensive list showing countries whose agricultural products make up more than 60% of their total exports. Also listed: their most-valued agriculture export in 2022, sourced from the Observatory of Economic Complexity.

RankCountry% of Merchandise
Exports From
Top Agricultural
Export (2022)
1๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Micronesia98%๐ŸŸ Fish
2๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Guinea-Bissau94%๐ŸŒฐ Cashew Nuts
3๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ Malawi93%๐Ÿšฌ Raw Tobacco
4๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง Solomon Islands89%๐ŸŒฒ Rough Wood
5๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป Maldives88%๐ŸŸ Fish
6๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บ Vanuatu86%๐ŸŸ Fish
7๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Kiribati84%๐ŸŸ Fish
8๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด Tonga82%๐ŸŸ Fish
9๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Uruguay79%๐Ÿ„ Bovine Meat
10๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น Ethiopia77%โ˜• Coffee
11๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand77%๐Ÿฅ› Milk
12๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina76%๐ŸŒฑ Soybean Meal
13๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Gambia75%๐Ÿฅœ Groundnuts
14๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ Belize75%๐Ÿฌ Sugar
15๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ Samoa69%๐Ÿฅฅ Coconut Oil
16๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ Paraguay68%๐ŸŒฑ Soybeans
17๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Cรดte d'Ivoire67%๐Ÿซ Cocoa Beans
18๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด Somalia67%๐Ÿ‘ Sheep & Goats
19๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ Afghanistan65%โ˜๏ธ Raw Cotton
20๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Syria63%๐Ÿซ’ Pure Olive Oil
21๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Sudan62%๐ŸŒฟ Sesame Seeds
22๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ Benin61%โ˜๏ธ Raw Cotton
23๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ Central African Republic60%๐ŸŒฒ Rough Wood

Maldives, in the Indian ocean, is also within the top 10. Its top agricultural export is also fish. Interestingly, the Observatory of Economic Complexity states โ€œPlanes, Helicopters, and Spacecraftโ€ as Maldivesโ€™ top overall export in 2022 ($433M). However, it’s possible that this might be a case of re-exportation.

Aside from fish, various kinds of nuts and edible oils are also popular categories of agricultural exports.

Regionally, these agricultural-export-dependent countries are spread between Asia, Oceania, Africa, and South America. Europe and North America are not represented in this list.

There are also correlations between resource export dependency and economic maturity. The UN found that 67% of the worldโ€™s developing nations were resource-export-dependent in some way: between agriculture, energy, and mining.

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