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Charted: EU Emigrants by Country



See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A chart showing the of EU emigrants by their country of citizenship in 2022.

Charted: EU Emigrants by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Immigration into the EU has been a hot topic since 2011. In fact, in several EU countries, immigrants make up nearly one-fifth of the population. But what of the EU’s emigration patterns?

We chart out the number of EU emigrants by their country of citizenship in 2022. Data for this visualization is sourced from Eurostat.

Which EU Country Had the Most Emigrants in 2022?

Germany and Spain had the highest number of emigrants in the EU in 2022, both measuring more than half a million people.

Interestingly, while German emigrants prefer moving to Switzerland and Austria, Spanish migrants often end up in Germany.

Here’s a full list of 27 EU member states and their emigration numbers in 2022, both as number of people and as a percentage of the population. Data for Switzerland, Norway, and Liechtenstein has also been included for context, but is not part of the visualization, nor contributes to the overall EU number.

RankCountryEmigrants (2022)% of Population (2022)
1🇩🇪 Germany533,4850.64%
2🇪🇸 Spain531,8891.11%
3🇫🇷 France249,3550.37%
4🇵🇱 Poland228,0060.62%
5🇷🇴 Romania202,3111.06%
6🇮🇹 Italy150,1890.25%
7🇨🇭 Switzerland*122,1231.39%
8🇳🇱 Netherlands109,6160.62%
9🇧🇪 Belgium84,6270.72%
10🇬🇷 Greece80,3070.77%
11🇦🇹 Austria74,2710.82%
12🇩🇰 Denmark62,9271.07%
13🇮🇪 Ireland61,1331.19%
14🇭🇺 Hungary58,4080.61%
15🇸🇪 Sweden50,5920.48%
16🇭🇷 Croatia46,2871.20%
17🇳🇴 Norway*32,5360.60%
18🇨🇿 Czech Republic31,7640.30%
19🇵🇹 Portugal30,9540.30%
20🇸🇮 Slovenia20,9560.99%
21🇨🇾 Cyprus17,9581.43%
22🇱🇺 Luxembourg17,2272.64%
23🇱🇻 Latvia16,6800.89%
24🇫🇮 Finland15,6350.28%
25🇱🇹 Lithuania15,2700.54%
26🇧🇬 Bulgaria13,1750.20%
27🇲🇹 Malta13,1662.48%
28🇪🇪 Estonia9,6570.72%
29🇸🇰 Slovakia4,4680.08%
30🇱🇮 Liechtenstein*4801.22%
N/A🇪🇺 EU2,730,3130.61%

*Not in the EU, but part of the European Free Trade Area or the European Economic area. Emigrants counted by country of citizenship, not birth.

As a percentage of the population, Malta and Luxembourg had slightly more than 2% of their 2022 populations emigrate.

Across the EU, almost 3 million people left their countries of citizenship in 2022. About half of them moved between member states and 1 million left the union all together.

For comparison, slightly more than 5 million people immigrated into the union in the same year. The top three destination countries were the same as the top three by emigrants: Germany, Spain, and France.

Immigration is seen as a way for aging countries to boost their workforce numbers and bring down their old-age dependency ratio. However, per Eurostat’s estimates, current immigration into the EU will not reverse aging trends.

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Visualizing the Wealth of Americans Under 40 (1989-2023)

The wealth of American Millennials hit historic highs after the COVID-19 pandemic.



This line chart shows the growth of wealth for Americans under 40 over the last 40 decades.

Visualizing the Wealth of Americans Under 40 (1989-2023)

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Millennials have been often referred to as a “broke generation.” Whether in conversations or on the news, it is common to hear how those born in the 1980s or 1990s are struggling in today’s economy, particularly when it comes to entering the housing market or saving for retirement.

However, data shows that the wealth of Americans under 40 years old has hit historic highs after the COVID-19 pandemic, suggesting that millennials have accumulated more wealth by their 40s than previous generations.

To illustrate this, the graphic above shows the average wealth per household, adjusted for inflation, for Americans under 40 years old from Q4 1989 to Q4 2023 (in December 2023 dollars). The data is sourced from the Federal Reserve and accessed via the Center for American Progress.

Post-Pandemic Recovery

Data indicates that younger Americans have reaped the most benefits from the strong economic recovery after the pandemic, enjoying low unemployment rates and rapid wage growth.

The average wealth of U.S. households under 40 was $259,000 in the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2023, compared to $164,000 in Q4 1989 and $182,000 in Q4 2000.

QuarterAverage Wealth for Those Under 40 (USD)
Q4 1990152K
Q4 1995146K
Q4 2000182K
Q4 2005184K
Q4 2010100K
Q4 2015148K
Q4 2020231K
Q4 2023259K

Looking specifically at millennial households, inflation-adjusted wealth has more than doubled during the same period.

The increase in younger Americans’ wealth is not concentrated in a single area. Average housing wealth—house values minus mortgage debt—rose by $22,000 from 2019 to 2023. Younger Americans also saw gains in liquid assets, such as bank deposits and money market mutual funds, business ownership, and financial assets, mainly stocks and mutual funds.

Additionally, non-housing debt, such as credit card and student loan debt, fell for this age group after the pandemic.

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