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Ranked: The 100 Biggest Public Companies in the World

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The Biggest Companies in the World in 2022

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This year has been shaped by uncomfortable macroeconomic headwinds.

Trillions of dollars were erased in public company market capitalizations, investor confidence waned, and cost pressures squeezed consumer pocketbooks.

Taken together, many of the world’s largest companies experienced sharp declines in market share. Still, a few companies in key sectors had positive growth over the year.

As 2022 comes to a close, the above infographic shows the biggest companies in the world, using data from Companiesmarketcap.com.

The World’s Largest Public Companies in 2022

Today, Apple stands as the world’s most valuable company, towering at a $2.3 trillion valuation.

Despite the tech downturn of 2022—driven by rising interest rates and slower sales—Apple maintained its top spot. This was largely thanks to record revenues and healthy consumer demand for iPhones, which drive about half of its total revenue.

Following Apple is Microsoft. Unlike Apple, Microsoft has faced slower earnings over the year due to lower demand for personal computers and the weighing impact of a strong U.S. dollar. Overall, about 50% of the company’s sales take place overseas.

As we show below, there are now only four companies left in the trillion dollar market cap club.

2022 Rank
CompanyMarket CapitalizationSectorLocation
1Apple$2.3TTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
2Microsoft$1.9TTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
3Saudi Aramco$1.8TEnergy🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia
4Alphabet $1.2TTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
5Amazon$924BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
6Berkshire Hathaway$686BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
7Tesla$522BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
8UnitedHealth Group$510BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
9Johnson & Johnson$465BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
10Visa$454BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
11NVIDIA$437BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
12Exxon Mobil$437BEnergy🇺🇸 U.S.
13TSMC$417BTechnology🇹🇼 Taiwan
14Walmart$399BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
15Tencent$397BTechnology🇨🇳 China
16JPMorgan Chase$394BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
17LVMH$377BConsumer Discretionary🇫🇷 France
18Procter & Gamble$361BConsumer Staples🇺🇸 U.S.
19Eli Lilly$349BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
20Mastercard$344BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
21Home Depot$334BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
22Chevron$328BEnergy🇺🇸 U.S.
23Nestlé$322BConsumer Staples🇨🇭 Switzerland
24Kweichow Moutai$313BConsumer Staples🇨🇳 China
25Samsung$306BTechnology🇰🇷 South Korea
26Meta (Facebook)$304BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
27Pfizer$293BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
28AbbVie$292BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
29Novo Nordisk$292BHealth Care🇩🇰 Denmark
30Coca-Cola$277BConsumer Staples🇺🇸 U.S.
31Merck$276BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
32Roche$267BHealth Care🇨🇭 Switzerland
33Bank of America$263BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
34Pepsico$253BConsumer Staples🇺🇸 U.S.
35ASML$247BTechnology🇳🇱 Netherlands
36Alibaba$245BConsumer Discretionary🇨🇳 China
37Broadcom$225BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
38Thermo Fisher Scientific$223BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
39Oracle$219BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
40Costco$216BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
41Astrazeneca$215BHealth Care🇬🇧 United Kingdom
42Reliance Industries$214BEnergy🇮🇳 India
43ICBC$208BFinancials🇨🇳 China
44McDonald's$203BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
45Cisco$203BTelecommunications🇺🇸 U.S.
46Shell$201BEnergy🇳🇱 Netherlands
47Danaher$199BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
48L'Oréal$197BConsumer Discretionary🇫🇷 France
49Toyota$197BConsumer Discretionary🇯🇵 Japan
50Novartis$196BHealth Care🇨🇭 Switzerland
51Abbott Laboratories$109BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
52Accenture$184BIndustrials🇮🇪 Ireland
53T-Mobile$177BTelecommunications🇺🇸 U.S.
54Nike$175BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
55Walt Disney$173BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
56Nextera Energy$172BUtilities🇺🇸 U.S.
57Hermès$169BConsumer Discretionary🇫🇷 France
58Bristol-Myers Squibb$168BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
59Linde$166BBasic Materials🇬🇧 United Kingdom
60Wells Fargo$163BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
61Texas Instruments$161BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
62BHP Group$160BBasic Materials🇦🇺 Australia
63Verizon$159BTelecommunications🇺🇸 U.S.
64Philip Morris$159BConsumer Staples🇺🇸 U.S.
65Comcast$158BTelecommunications🇺🇸 U.S.
66UPS$158BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
67Adobe$157BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
68Morgan Stanley$154BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
69China Construction Bank$152BFinancials🇨🇳 China
70TotalEnergies$152BEnergy🇫🇷 France
71Charles Schwab$150BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
72Amgen$148BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
73Raytheon Technologies$146BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
74Tata Consultancy$146BTechnology🇮🇳 India
75CATL$145BConsumer Discretionary🇨🇳 China
76China Mobile$145BTelecommunications🇨🇳 China
77Honeywell$144BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
78Agricultural Bank of China$141BFinancials🇨🇳 China
79Netflix$140BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.
80Meituan$140BTechnology🇨🇳 China
81ConocoPhillips$139BEnergy🇺🇸 U.S.
82AT&T$138BFinancials🇺🇸 U.S.
83CVS Health$136BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
84Dior$136BConsumer Discretionary🇫🇷 France
85Qualcomm$136BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
86Prosus$135BTechnology🇳🇱 Netherlands
87RBC$135BFinancials🇨🇦 Canada
88IBM$134BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
89Salesforce$133BTechnology🇺🇸 U.S.
90Union Pacific$133BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
91Deere & Company$132BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
92Unilever$130BConsumer Staples🇬🇧 United Kingdom
93CM Bank$130BFinancials🇨🇳 China
94HDFC Bank$129BFinancials🇮🇳 India
95Elevance Health$128BHealth Care🇺🇸 U.S.
96AIA$128BFinancials🇭🇰 Hong Kong
97Lockheed Martin$127BIndustrials🇺🇸 U.S.
98PetroChina$127BEnergy🇨🇳 China
99SAP$127BTechnology🇩🇪 Germany
100Lowe's$124BConsumer Discretionary🇺🇸 U.S.

*As of Dec 12, 2022.

Oil giant Saudi Aramco is the third largest publicly-traded company globally, at $1.8 trillion. It’s also the only non-U.S. company in the top 10.

In May, the state-run company briefly became the most valuable company on the planet as soaring energy prices boosted earnings. Saudia Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world, and the country’s economy is forecast to grow 7.6% in 2022—one of the fastest globally.

Overall, 62 companies of the 100 largest are headquartered in the U.S., 11 are based in China, and five are located in France.

Top 10 Performance in 2022

For many of the world’s largest companies, 2022 was a brutal year for performance.

Chat showing 10 Biggest Companies in the World 2022 Performance

As the above graphic shows, the vast majority of the world’s titans saw their market values decline. Half of these companies saw double-digit drops.

Tesla has witnessed nearly 70% of its market cap being erased this year. Two main factors are behind this drop: falling demand, especially in China, and CEO Elon Musk’s volatile and risky acquisition of Twitter.

On the other hand, UnitedHealth Group has seen the strongest performance among the top 10.

The company, which rakes in a large share of its earnings from employer-backed insurance plans, said that recessionary impacts had not yet begun materializing in 2022.

Biggest Companies in the World, by Sector

Even with sinking market values across the sector in 2022, tech remains dominant.

Among the world’s biggest companies, 20 are in tech, spanning a combined market value of $9.2 trillion. For perspective, that’s about 31% of the market value of the 100 largest companies.

RankSectorCombined Market ValueNumber of CompaniesBiggest Company in Sector
1👩‍💻 Technology$9.2T20Apple
2🚗 Consumer Discretionary$4.7T17Amazon
3🩺 Health Care$4.3T17UnitedHealth Group
4🛢️ Energy$3.4T8Saudi Aramco
5💵 Financials$3.0T14Berkshire Hathaway
6🏭 Industrials$1.8T9Visa
7🥫 Consumer Staples$1.8T7Procter & Gamble
8📞 Telecommunications$841B5Cisco
9⛏️ Basic Materials$326B2Linde
10🔌 Utilities$127B1Nextera Energy

Companies are classified according to the FTSE Russell Industry Classification Benchmark. *As of Dec 12, 2022.

Consumer discretionary and health care sectors fall next in line, with big players such as Amazon and Johnson & Johnson among their ranks.

At the other end of the spectrum is utilities, the smallest sector overall at least pertaining to the largest companies list. NextEra Energy, the sole utilities company among the rankings is one of the world’s largest developers of wind and solar energy. Over the next three years, it plans to invest up to $95 billion in greening its power operations.

Change of Fortune

It comes as no surprise that many of the biggest companies in the world are long-established players in global markets.

Yet within the rankings, some of the notable risers compared to 2021 are UnitedHealth Group, which launched from #19 in 2021 to #8 this year and NVIDIA which has climbed to become the 11th largest company globally, up from #24 last year.

By contrast, some of the biggest losers are Meta (Facebook’s parent company) and Alibaba. Meta has fallen across the rankings to #26 in 2022 from #6 in 2021. Meanwhile, Alibaba was once the ninth largest globally but has tumbled to #36. Both companies have seen considerable value wiped from their market caps—roughly 66% and 28%, respectively​​—amid lagging earnings.

With the year coming to a close, it remains to be seen whether the world’s biggest companies stage a comeback in 2023, or face more challenging conditions ahead.

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Markets

What History Reveals About Interest Rate Cuts

How have previous cycles of interest rate cuts in the U.S. impacted the economy and financial markets?

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Line chart showing the depth and duration of previous cycles of interest rate cuts.

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The following content is sponsored by New York Life Investments

What History Reveals About Interest Rate Cuts

The Federal Reserve has overseen seven cycles of interest rate cuts, averaging 26 months and 6.35 percentage points (ppts) each.

We’ve partnered with New York Life Investments to examine the impact of interest rate cut cycles on the economy and on the performance of financial assets in the U.S. to help keep investors informed. 

A Brief History of Interest Rate Cuts

Interest rates are a powerful tool that the central bank can use to spur economic activity. 

Typically, when the economy experiences a slowdown or a recession, the Federal Reserve will respond by cutting interest rates. As a result, each of the previous seven rate cut cycles—shown in the table below—occurred during or around U.S. recessions, according to data from the Federal Reserve. 

Interest Rate Cut CycleMagnitude (ppts)
July 2019–April 2020-2.4
July 2007–December 2008-5.1
November 2000–July 2003-5.5
May 1989–December 1992-6.9
August 1984–October 1986-5.8
July 1981–February 1983-10.5
July 1974–January 1977-8.3
Average-6.4

Source: Federal Reserve 07/03/2024

Understanding past economic and financial impacts of interest rate cuts can help investors prepare for future monetary policy changes.

The Economic Response: Inflation

During past cycles, data from the Federal Reserve, shows that, on average, the inflation rate continued to decline throughout (-3.4 percentage points), largely due to the lagged effects of a slower economy that normally precedes interest rate declines. 

CycleStart to end change (ppts)End to one year later (ppts)
July 2019–April 2020-1.5+3.8
July 2007–December 2008-2.3+2.6
November 2000–July 2003-1.3+0.9
May 1989–December 1992-2.5-0.2
August 1984–October 1986-2.8+3.1
July 1981–February 1983-7.3+1.1
July 1974–January 1977-6.3+1.6
Average-3.4+1.9

Source: Federal Reserve 07/03/2024. Based on the effective federal funds rate. Calculations are based on the previous four rate cut cycles (2019-2020, 2007-2008, 2000-2003, 1989-1992, 1984-1986, 1981-1983, 1974-1977).

However, inflation played catch-up and rose by +1.9 percentage points one year after the final rate cut. With lower interest rates, consumers were incentivized to spend more and save less, which led to an uptick in the price of goods and services in six of the past seven cycles. 

The Economic Response: Real Consumer Spending Growth

Real consumer spending growth, as measured by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, typically reacted to rate cuts more quickly. 

On average, consumption growth rose slightly during the rate cut periods (+0.3 percentage points) and that increase accelerated one year later (+1.7 percentage points). 

CycleStart to end (ppts)End to one year later (ppts)
July 2019–April 2020-9.6+15.3
July 2007–December 2008-4.6+3.1
November 2000–July 2003+0.8-2.5
May 1989–December 1992+3.0-1.3
August 1984–October 1986+1.6-2.7
July 1981–February 1983+7.2-0.7
July 1974–January 1977+3.9+0.9
Average+0.3+1.7

Source: BEA 07/03/2024. Quarterly data. Consumer spending growth is based on the percent change from the preceding quarter in real personal consumption expenditures, seasonally adjusted at annual rates. Percent changes at annual rates were then used to calculate the change in growth over rate cut cycles. Data from the last full quarter before the date in question was used for calculations. Calculations are based on the previous four rate cut cycles (2019-2020, 2007-2008, 2000-2003, 1989-1992, 1984-1986, 1981-1983, 1974-1977).

The COVID-19 pandemic and the Global Financial Crisis were outliers. Spending continued to fall during the rate cut cycles but picked up one year later.

The Investment Response: Stocks, Bonds, and Real Estate

Historically, the trend in financial asset performance differed between stocks, bonds, and real estate both during and after interest rate declines.

Stocks and real estate posted negative returns during the cutting phases, with stocks taking the bigger hit. Conversely, bonds, a traditional safe haven, gained ground. 

AssetDuring (%)1 Quarter After (%)2 Quarters After (%)4 Quarters After (%)
Stocks-6.0+18.2+19.4+23.9
Bonds+6.3+15.3+15.1+10.9
Real Estate-4.8+25.5+15.6+25.5

Source: Yahoo Finance, Federal Reserve, NAREIT 09/04/2024. The S&P 500 total return index was used to track performance of stocks. The ICE Corporate Bonds total return index was used to track the performance of bonds. The NAREIT All Equity REITs total return index was used to track the performance of real estate. Calculations are based on the previous four rate cut cycles (2019-2020, 2007-2008, 2000-2003, 1989-1992). It is not possible to invest directly in an index. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Index definitions can be found at the end of this piece.

However, in the quarters preceding the last rate cut, all three assets increased in value. One year later, real estate had the highest average performance, followed closely by stocks, with bonds coming in third.

What’s Next for Interest Rates

In March 2024, the Federal Reserve released its Summary of Economic Projections outlining its expectation that U.S. interest rates will fall steadily in 2024 and beyond.

YearRange (%)Median (%)
Current5.25-5.505.375
20244.50-4.754.625
20253.75-4.03.875
20263.00-3.253.125
Longer run2.50-2.752.625

Source: Federal Reserve 20/03/2024

Though the timing of interest rate cuts is uncertain, being armed with the knowledge of their impact on the economy and financial markets can provide valuable insight to investors. 

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