Are You Suffering From Impostor Syndrome?
If you have ever felt unworthy of your position at work, or felt uncomfortable about receiving praise from colleagues, then you’re not alone.
The psychological pattern of impostor syndrome is widespread, with the majority of people experiencing some form of it over the course of their careers.
Today’s infographic, from Resume.io, provides a useful guide to identifying the various manifestations of impostor syndrome, and how to potentially overcome it.
What is Impostor Syndrome?
People suffering from impostor syndrome doubt their skills and accomplishments, live in fear of being exposed as not worthy of their position, and even downplay their success, attributing it all to luck or good fortune.
These feelings, which were first collectively known as “impostor phenomenon,” were introduced in a 1978 study of 150 highly successful women. Today, we have an even more nuanced view of how feelings of anxiety and inadequacy can afflict people in a professional setting.
Impostor Syndrome Archetypes
According to Dr. Valerie Young, a leading expert on the subject of impostor syndrome, these feelings of self doubt are not one-size-fits-all.
Here are the five different types of impostor syndrome:
|#1||Expert||You expect to know everything and feel ashamed when you don't.|
|#2||Soloist||You believe work must be accomplished alone and refuse to take any credit if you received any kind of assistance.|
|#3||Natural Genius||You tell yourself that everything must be handled with ease, otherwise it's not "natural talent".|
|#4||Superperson||You feel you should be able to excel at every role you take on in your life.|
|#5||Perfectionist||You set impossibly high standards for yourself and beat yourself up when you don't reach them.|
Understanding the different types of impostor syndrome is an important first step, as each manifestation requires a unique toolkit of solutions to help overcome this common psychological trap experienced by professionals.
Slaying Self Doubt
While impostor syndrome can afflict anyone, women have been shown to experience it more often – even once they have experienced high levels of success in their career.
A recent KPMG study of 750 high-performing executive women found that:
- 75% had experienced impostor syndrome at some point in their career
- 81% of these woman also believed they put more pressure on themselves than their male counterparts
Though progress has been made, lack of diversity at the C-suite level is still fueling some of these feelings. 32% of women identified with impostor syndrome because they did not know others in a similar place to them either personally or professionally.
When it came to combating feelings of self-doubt, many woman found support within their network and organizations:
- 72% said they looked to a mentor or trusted advisor for help and advice when the doubt creeps in
- 54% received support and guidance from performance managers
Actively creating a culture that supports honest conversations in the workplace is key to helping individuals slay professional self doubt.
Together, we have the opportunity to build corporate environments that foster a sense of belonging and lessen the experience of impostor syndrome for women in our workplaces.
– Laura Newinski, U.S. Deputy Chair and COO of KPMG
Visualizing the Rise of Women on Boards of Directors Worldwide
The representation of women on boards of directors a mixed bag. This graphic looks at the 10-year trend of women on corporate boards.
The Rise of Women on Boards of Directors Worldwide
Women’s representation in the boardroom is a mixed bag. The number of women on boards is rising across the globe—but the rate of increase has slowed for three of the past four years.
Based on MSCI research of All Country World Index (ACWI) constituent companies, the graphic above reveals a 10-year trend of women’s representation on corporate boards, and projects three future scenarios on the way to parity.
ESG Goals: The Path to Parity
The ESG ecosystem considers 30% representation to be a critical milestone on the road to reaching gender parity on corporate boards of directors.
Following a small uptick in 2019—and two years of slowed growth from 2017 to 2018—the rise of women on boards slowed again in 2020, gaining 0.6 percentage points (p.p.).
Based on different forward-looking scenarios, here’s how long it could take to reach equal representation:
|Progressive scenario||Business-as-usual scenario||Deceleration scenario|
|Years to reach 30%|
Women on Boards (WoB)
|6 years||9 years||16 years|
|Year we may reach >50% WoB||2039||2045||2070|
Source: MSCI ESG Research LLC as of Oct. 30, 2020.
On the whole, parity on corporate boards could be reached as early as 2039 or as late as 2070.
Women’s Representation: State of the Unions
MSCI research reveals trends that highlight significant traction. In 2020, fewer women became directors, but all-male boards continued to decline worldwide to 17% in 2020 (a 2 p.p. drop) among the ACWI contingent.
This trend is partially driven by emerging markets, where all-male boards dropped to 31%, from over 34% initially. Hong Kong is one of the few countries that actually experienced an increase of 5 p.p. in all-male boards. In contrast, Saudi Arabia’s share reduced by 8 p.p. to 86% in 2020.
|Country||% Companies with 3+ WoB||Country||% Companies with no WoB|
|🇳🇴 Norway||100%||🇶🇦 Qatar||100%|
|🇮🇹 Italy||100%||🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia||86%|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||100%||🇦🇷 Argentina||67%|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||100%||🇭🇺 Hungary||67%|
|🇫🇷 France||100%||🇰🇷 South Korea||65%|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||91%||🇦🇪 UAE||63%|
|🇫🇮 Finland||91%||🇨🇱 Chile||44%|
|🇪🇸 Spain||90%||🇲🇽 Mexico||38%|
|🇬🇧 UK||85%||🇭🇰 Hong Kong||37%|
|🇦🇹 Austria||83%||🇮🇩 Indonesia||36%|
Source: MSCI ESG Research LLC as of Oct. 30, 2020.
Europe continues to lead the world in gender representation on boards. All top 10 countries with three or more women directors are found in the region, with countries like Norway, Italy, and Belgium being the closest to reaching parity.
Across sectors, utilities experienced the largest increase in companies with three or more women on boards, with a 9% jump between 2019-2020.
The Other Glass Ceiling: The C-Suite
The number of women CEOs remains low across all regions, but CFO roles show more promise.
|MSCI World, 2017||MSCI World, 2020||MSCI EM, 2017||MSCI EM, 2020|
|Women in CEO roles||4.7%||4.9%||3.3%||4.8%|
|Women in CFO roles||9.4%||12.1%||9.8%||18.7%|
Source: MSCI ESG Research LLC as of Oct. 30, 2020.
This global rise is also largely thanks to emerging markets. Since 2017, emerging market companies have exhibited higher percentages of CFOs than companies in developed markets, and the difference is widening.
The Glass Ceiling Isn’t Unbreakable
As MSCI reports, the progress towards parity in boardrooms does not necessarily represent the workplace. Emerging research suggests that women have been more negatively impacted by the pandemic’s economic fallout—potentially undoing several years’ worth of improvements.
However, developing nations still show promising results in key indicators of gender diversity, with further opportunity to grow corporate bottom lines.
As more post-pandemic recovery data becomes available amidst vaccine rollouts, we’ll gain a better sense of whether we’re still on track to follow these long-term trends.
Which Streaming Service Has the Most Subscriptions?
From Netflix and Disney+ to Spotify and Apple Music, we rank the streaming services with the most monthly paid subscriptions.
Which Streaming Service Has The Most Subscriptions?
Many companies have launched a streaming service over the past few years, trying to capitalize on the digital media shift and launching the so-called “streaming wars.”
After Netflix grew from a small DVD-rental company to a household name, every media company from Disney to Apple saw recurring revenues ripe for the taking. Likewise, the audio industry has long-since accepted Spotify’s rise to prominence, as streaming has become the de facto method of consumption for many.
But it was actually the unexpected COVID-19 pandemic that solidified the foothold of digital streaming, with subscription services seeing massive growth over the last year. Although it was expected that many new services would flounder along the way, media subscription services saw wide scale growth and adoption almost across the board.
We’ve taken the video, audio, and news subscription services with 5+ million subscribers to see who came out on top—and who has grown the most quickly—over the past year. Data comes from the FIPP media association as well as individual company reports.
Streaming Service Giants: Netflix and Amazon
The top of the streaming giant pantheon highlights two staples of business: the first-mover advantage and the power of conglomeration.
With 200+ million global subscribers, Netflix has capitalized on its position as the first and primary name in digital video streaming. Though its consumer base in the Americas has begun to plateau, the company’s growth in reach (190+ countries) and content (70+ original movies slated for 2021) has put it more than 50 million subscribers ahead of its closest competition.
The story is the same in the audio market, where Spotify’s 144 million subscriber base is more than double that of Apple Music, the next closest competitor with 68 million subscribers.
Meanwhile, Amazon’s position as the second most popular video streaming service with 150 million subscribers might be surprising. However, Prime Video subscriptions are included with membership to Amazon Prime, which saw massive growth in usage during the pandemic.
|Service||Type||Subscribers (Q4 2020)|
|Amazon Prime Video||Video||150.0M|
|Amazon Prime Music||Audio||55.0M|
|Tencent Music (Group)||Audio||51.7M|
|New York Times||News||6.1M|
Another standout is the number of large streaming services based in Asia. China-based Tencent Video (also known as WeTV) and Baidu’s iQIYI streaming services both crossed 100 million paid subscribers, with Alibaba’s Youku not far behind with 90 million.
Disney Leads in Streaming Growth
But perhaps most notable of all is Disney’s rapid ascension to the upper echelons of streaming service giants.
Despite Disney+ launching in late 2019 with a somewhat lackluster content library (only one original series with one episode at launch), it has quickly rocketed both in terms of content and its subscriber base. With almost 95 million subscribers, it has amassed more subscribers in just over one year than Disney expected it could reach by 2024.
|Service||Type||Percentage Growth (2019)|
|Amazon Prime Video||Video||100.0%|
|Amazon Prime Music||Audio||71.9%|
|Tencent Music (Group)||Audio||66.8%|
|New York Times||News||60.5%|
The Disney+ wave also spurred growth in partner streaming services like Hotstar and ESPN+, while other services with smaller subscriber bases saw large growth rates thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The lingering question is how the landscape will look when the pandemic starts to wind down, and when all the new players are accounted for. NBCUniversal’s Peacock, for example, has reached over 30 million subscribers as of January 2021, but the company hasn’t yet disclosed how many are paid subscribers.
Likewise, competitors are investing in content libraries to try and make up ground on Netflix and Disney. HBO Max is slated to start launching internationally in June 2021, and ViacomCBS rebranded and expanded CBS All Access into Paramount+.
And international growth is vital. Three of the top six video streaming services by subscribers are based in China, while Indian services Hotstar, ALTBalaji, and Eros Now all saw surges in subscriber bases, with more room left to grow.
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