Being a leader comes with great responsibility.
Not only are you accountable for the success of your division or organization, but your team is also constantly reliant on you for feedback, coaching, and guiding personal development.
While juggling these priorities, it’s not always easy for a manager to know the exact right thing to say to employees on the team. To further complicate matters, we all have bad management habits that have compounded over time, and they can be difficult to shed.
Building a New Lexicon
Today’s infographic comes to us from Headway Capital, and it highlights 11 things that leaders should never say to their teams.
More importantly, it breaks down the negative implications of each instance, while also providing suggestions on how we can evolve our managerial skills to ensure that we are approaching each situation far more proactively.
Life as a leader is busy, and it has many competing priorities.
However, to grow the type of company culture that pays long-term dividends, it’s worth it to try and better develop the way you give feedback to team members.
Using the list of items in the infographic, we can generally categorize these mistakes in a few distinct categories.
1. Gut Reactions
The quick dismissal of someone’s effort (“That’s not important”) or the temptation to play the busy card (“I don’t have time to talk right now”) can send the message that an employee’s time or thoughts are not valued.
Instead, small adjustments can be made to encourage better outcomes. For example, you could make it clear that while you may be busy in the moment, that a time can be scheduled at a later date to discuss the issue in detail.
2. Business Truisms
Likewise, spouting overused, quasi-motivational business phrases (“Failure is not an option”) or using dictative language (“We’ve already tried that before”) can stifle innovation at a company.
It’s better to instead ask questions, such as “What is our backup plan if this idea doesn’t work?” or “What other options do you see?”, to expand the range of opportunities that can be pursued.
3. Generic Feedback
Finally, although phrases like “Keep doing what you’re doing” or “Nice job today” seem to be positive and engaging, they actually are ineffective from a development perspective.
Employees need specific feedback to grow, so all that has to happen here is to mention a specific task or project along with the feedback. Team members can then internalize precisely what made a project or task a success, and apply it to other areas in the workplace.
Visualizing the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies
The world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies are worth $4.1 trillion. Here we map the top 100 companies based on their market cap value.
Who are the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies?
Some of the world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies have played a central role in the COVID-19 pandemic.
However, it’s likely no surprise that the pandemic has also been great for many healthcare businesses. In fact, in 2020 alone, the world’s 50 largest pharmaceutical companies still combined for a whopping $851 billion in revenues.
In this graphic, using data from Companies Market Cap, we list the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world by market capitalization. It’s worth noting this list also includes healthcare companies that work closely with pharmaceuticals, including biotech, pharmaceutical retailers, clinical laboratories, etc.
Editor’s Note: A previous version of this graphic was missing some key companies such as GSK and AbbVie. They were unfortunately not included in the original source and we are now working to make sure there were no other smaller omissions. Thanks to all that sent in corrections.
The Pharmaceutical Leaders
To start, here are the top five biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world at the moment by market capitalization:
1. Johnson & Johnson
The pharmaceutical and consumer goods giant is worth $428.7 billion in market cap. They developed the third vaccine authorized for use in the U.S. and were named among the TIME100 Most Influential Companies List in 2021.
The Swiss pharmaceutical giant is at the forefront of oncology, immunology, infectious diseases, ophthalmology, and neuroscience. In 2019, Roche’s pharma segment sales rose by a healthy 16% to $53 billion.
Despite being the leading COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer in North America, Pfizer slid in the rankings to third place. The company has recently gained momentum, especially in the past quarter, with Q2’2021 revenues of $19.0 billion, reflecting a 86% operational growth from 2020.
4. Eli Lilly
Eli Lilly has taken a significant step towards establishing itself as a pharmaceutical industry leader. Having a market cap value of $125 billion in 2019, Eli Lilly has jumped to a current value of $214.9 billion, a significant growth of 72%.
The second-biggest pharmaceutical company out of Switzerland, Novartis has been the face of the pharma industry for about 25 years. The primary manufacturer for the most recognizable drugs on the market pulled in a revenue of over $48 billion in 2020, a 3% increase compared to 2019.
Here’s how all the biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world stack up against each other:
|Company Rank||Company Name||Market Cap Value||Country|
|1||Johnson & Johnson|
|$428.66 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$320.41 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$219.39 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$208.99 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$207.70 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$202.60 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$191.67 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$187.83 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$152.28 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$145.80 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$136.50 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$130.37 B||🇫🇷 France|
|$110.49 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$104.30 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$103.10 B||🇦🇺 Australia|
|$83.62 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$83.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$80.61 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|$59.43 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|20||Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine |
|$58.51 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$55.83 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$55.00 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$54.23 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|$52.67 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$52.16 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|26||Walgreens Boots Alliance|
|$45.05 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$33.80 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$33.42 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$31.65 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$31.20 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$26.59 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|32||Hansoh Pharma |
|$26.00 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$25.97 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|34||Otsuka Holdings |
|$23.15 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|35||Horizon Therapeutics |
|$21.13 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|36||Alnylam Pharmaceuticals |
|$20.42 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$18.85 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$18.74 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$18.48 B||🇭🇰 Hong Kong|
|$17.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$16.26 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$16.03 B||🇳🇱 Netherlands|
|$15.29 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$11.88 B||🇮🇳 India|
|45||Teva Pharmaceutical Industries|
|$11.21 B||🇮🇱 Israel|
|46||Ono Pharmaceutical |
|$11.12 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$11.09 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|48||Bausch Health |
|$10.47 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|$10.42 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$10.33 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|51||Hualan Biological Engineering|
|$10.31 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$9.49 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|53||Neurocrine Biosciences |
|$9.45 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$9.42 B||🇨🇳 China|
|55||BridgeBio Pharma |
|$8.89 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|56||Cadila Healthcare |
|$8.59 B||🇮🇳 India|
|57||Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma |
|$8.16 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$7.89 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|59||Ascendis Pharma |
|$7.51 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$7.19 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|61||Lupin Limited |
|$7.04 B||🇮🇳 India|
|62||Gland Pharma |
|$7.01 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.95 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|64||GW Pharmaceuticals |
|$6.81 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$6.78 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|66||Torrent Pharmaceuticals |
|$6.61 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.43 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.32 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|69||Sarepta Therapeutics |
|$6.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$6.21 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|$6.11 B||🇫🇮 Finland|
|$6.04 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$5.87 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|74||Adaptive Biotechnologies |
|$5.69 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|75||Intellia Therapeutics |
|$5.62 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|76||Santen Pharmaceutical |
|$5.49 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$5.46 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|78||Beam Therapeutics |
|$5.43 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|79||Reata Pharmaceuticals |
|$5.15 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|80||Swedish Orphan Biovitrum|
|$5.13 B||🇸🇪 Sweden|
|81||BB Biotech |
|$5.08 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|82||Alkem Laboratories |
|$5.00 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$4.69 B||🇮🇳 India|
|84||Laurus Labs |
|$4.44 B||🇮🇳 India|
|85||Taisho Pharmaceutical |
|$4.39 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|86||Hanmi Pharmaceutical |
|$4.22 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$3.87 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|$3.71 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$3.65 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$3.55 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|91||Ipca Laboratories |
|$3.41 B||🇮🇳 India|
|92||Nektar Therapeutics |
|$3.02 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|93||BioCryst Pharmaceuticals |
|$3.01 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$2.96 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$2.84 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|96||Rocket Pharmaceuticals |
|$2.74 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|97||Axsome Therapeutics |
|$2.65 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|98||Natco Pharma |
|$2.63 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$2.59 B||🇮🇳 India|
|100||Editas Medicine |
|$2.54 B||🇺🇸 USA|
World’s Largest Pharmaceutical Exporters and Importers
According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), these countries exported the most number of pharmaceuticals in the year 2019:
|Rank||Country||Export Value (US$B)|
In contrast, here are the biggest importers over the same period.
|Rank||Country||Import Value (US$B)|
This position is hardly surprising for the U.S., where six of the world’s top 10 pharmaceutical companies are headquartered. The country also captures 45% of the global market.
The Future of Pharmaceutical Companies
If the response to the COVID-19 pandemic has taught us anything, it is that in building a patient-centered future, the pharmaceutical industry plays a key role. It has to constantly find new ways to customize medicines while researching and developing new tools and drugs.
By embracing disruptive technologies like 3D printed drugs, artificial intelligence guided therapies, and preventive medicine while working with regulatory agencies, the pharmaceutical companies will benefit from having a digital revolution.
Furthermore, emerging markets will have a more significant say in the global pharmaceutical market in the coming years. Even though ‘big pharma’ will keep raking in the massive profits they do every year, their reliance on countries like Brazil and India for research and drug production will significantly impact the years to come.
Mapping The Biggest Companies By Market Cap in 60 Countries
Tech, finance or energy giant? We mapped the biggest companies by market cap and industry.
The Biggest Companies By Market Cap in 60 Countries
Tech giants are increasingly making up more of the Fortune 500, but the world’s biggest companies by market cap aren’t so cut and dry.
Despite accounting for the largest market caps worldwide—with trillion-dollar companies like Apple and contenders including Tencent and Samsung—tech wealth is largely concentrated in just a handful of countries.
So what are the biggest companies in each country? We mapped the largest company by market cap across 60 countries in August 2021 using market data from CompaniesMarketCap, TradingView, and MarketScreener.
What are the Largest Companies in the World?
The world has 60+ stock exchanges, and each one has a top company. We looked at the largest local company, since many of the world’s largest firms trade on multiple exchanges, and converted market cap to USD.
|Country||Company||Industry||Market Cap (August 2021)|
|Saudi Arabia||Saudi Aramco||Energy||$1.9T|
|Belgium||Anheuser-Busch Inbev||Consumer Staples||$122.7B|
|Indonesia||Bank Cental Asia||Financials||$54.8B|
|Philippines||SM Investments||Consumer Cyclical||$22.9B|
|Kuwait||Kuwait Finance House||Financials||$21.9B|
|Czech Republic||ÄŒEZ Group||Energy||$15.8B|
|Poland||PKO Bank Polski||Financials||$12.6B|
|Bahrain||Ahli United Bank||Financials||$8.6B|
|Egypt||Commercial International Bank||Financials||$5.9B|
Many are former monopolies or massive conglomerates that have grown in the public space, such as South Africa’s Naspers and India’s Reliance Industries.
Others are local subsidiaries of foreign corporations, including Mexico’s Walmex, Chile’s Enel and Turkey’s QNB Finansbank.
But even more noticeable is the economic discrepancy. Apple and Saudi Aramco are worth trillions of dollars, while the smallest companies we tracked—including Panama’s Copa Group and Oman’s Bank Muscat—are worth less than $5 billion.
Finance and Tech Dominate The Biggest Companies By Market Cap
Across the board, the largest companies were able to accumulate wealth and value.
Some are newer to the top thanks to recent success. Canada’s Shopify has become one of the world’s largest e-commerce providers, and the UK’s AstraZeneca developed one of the world’s COVID-19 vaccines.
But the reality is most companies here are old guards that grew on existing resources, or in the case of banks, accumulated wealth.
|Industry||Biggest Companies by Country|
Banks were the most commonly found at the top of each country’s stock market. Closely behind were oil and gas giants, mining companies, and former state-owned corporations that drove most of a country’s wealth generation.
But as more economies develop and catch up to Western economies (where tech is dominant), newer innovative companies will likely put up a fight for each country’s top company crown.
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